why trade union increase

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  • why did unionism increase?
    • factory system
      • lost direct communication between employer + employee (them against us)
        • free trade mentality - employer decides wages + working conditions
        • conflicting values - employer = profit, employee = wages
      • improved working conditions encouraged + allowed trade unions
    • laissez faire government
      • combination act 1799 (stopping trade unions) repealed
      • employers had more power to exploit so encouraged unions
    • population growth
      • from 6 million to 17 million
      • workers couldn't choose conditions or strike because easily replaced
    • war with France 1793
      • increased unions because economic discontent
      • rising food prices made cost of living greater so needed wages to increase
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