The Roaring 20s

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  • Created by: Stano
  • Created on: 09-06-13 17:46
What did Woodrow Wilson create?
League of Nations
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What was the cause of isolationist attitudes in the USA?
They didn't want to police the world any longer.
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Who were the Republicans led by, and who was the candidate? (1920 election)
Henry Cabot Lodge and Warren Harding
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What was the phrase Warren Harding used?
Return to 'normalcy'
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What did American historians think caused WW1?
'German atrocities' cooked up by British propaganda.
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What acts ensured the USA couldn't get involved in European affairs?
The Neutrality Acts
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Effects of isolationism? (Name 4)
Weakened League of Nations, Red Scare, control of immigration, tariffs
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How many cars were there in 1920 and 1929
9 million and 26 million
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How many telephones in 1920 and 1929
13 million and 20 million
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What did economic growth create?
Cycle of prosperity
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What method of production did Henry Ford create?
Assembly line
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What was the name and nickname of Ford's car?
Model T and 'Tin Lizzie'
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What industries did the car industry help grow?
Glass, steel, rubber, leather and oil
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Causes of the boom?
USA rich in raw materials, WW1, new production techniques, hire purchase, mail order, laizzes faire, protectionism, stock market
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What was the emergency tariff and when was it passed?
Passed in May 1921, it increased duties on food imports.
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What were the two main elements of the Fordney-McCumber Tariff?
The scientific tariff - higher tariffs on goods from countries with low wages. American Selling Price - foreign goods always higher than US goods.
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What two types of music boomed?
Jazz and blues
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How many people went to the cinema per week in 1929
110 million
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What film was the first talkie and when was it released?
The Jazz Singer, 1927
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Why did people like the movies?
It was an escape from the reality of poverty for many people
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How many new films made each year?
500
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What were flappers?
Young girls who wore short skirts, tried to look flat chested, had bobbed hair, drove 'Tin Lizzies and smoked, some were openly lesbian
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How did young men dress?
Pinstriped suits, trilby hats and spats on shoes
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What association was set up by parents to control the young?
The Anti Flirt Association
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Two new dances?
Charleston and Bunny Hug
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What three types of people didn't prosper in the 20s?
Farmers, black people and workers in old industries
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What was the Emergency Qouta Act
Passed in 1921, reduced number of immigrants to 357,000 per year, only 3% of each nationality living in USA in 1910 allowed
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What intensified the Red Scare?
The Russian Revolution (1917)
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Who were Sacco and Vanzetti?
Executed for an armed robbery because they were openly arnarchist, there were 107 witnesses in defence but jury currupt
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What did Alexander Palmer do after the bomb on Wall Street, 1920
Palmer Raids - arrested 10,000 people suspected of holding elft-wing political views, all immigrants arrested deported without trial
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What did the KKK do?
Spoke in Klonversations, held ceremonies dressed in white, lynched mainly black people
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Why did membership of the KKK fall?
David Stephenson convicted on ****** and killing a black woman in 1925
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What was the Volstead Act?
Defined an alcoholic drink as any drink with 0.5% alcohol in it.
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What were the effects of prohibiton?
Moonshine, speakeasies, bootleggers
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What did Al Capone do in February 1929
St. Valentines Day Massacre - seven men from rival gang 'Bugs' Moran shot by Al Capones men.
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Who were Izzy and Moe?
Isadore Einstein and Moe Smith were Prohibition agents, they made nearly 5,000 arrests in their time
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Who repealled the 18th Ammendment and when?
FDR in December 1933
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What was the only thing Al Capone could be arrested for?
Tax evasion
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Why did Wall Street Crash? (4 reasons)
Overproduction, unequal distribution of wealth, financial speculation, tariffs
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What type of market did the stock market turn into in 1929
Bear market from a bull market
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How many shares were sold on Black Thursday?
13 million
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How many on Monday 28 October
9 million
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How many on Tuesday 29 October
26 million for any price
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Card 2

Front

What was the cause of isolationist attitudes in the USA?

Back

They didn't want to police the world any longer.

Card 3

Front

Who were the Republicans led by, and who was the candidate? (1920 election)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the phrase Warren Harding used?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did American historians think caused WW1?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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