The Problem of Evil

AQA - A2 Unit 3B Philosophy of Religion 

The Problem of Evil 

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What is the definition of evil?
Whatever is painful, malicious or disastrous
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What is moral evil?
This is evil that people commit and includes things such as murder, terrorism and ****
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What is natural evil?
This is evil that humans cannot control and is caused by nature. This includes things such as earthquakes and volcano eruptions
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What did Karen Armstrong say about the problem of evil?
"If God can't stop the evil in the world then He is not worthy of the title 'God'. If He can stop it and chooses not to then He is a monster"
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What is the logical problem of evil?
The logical problem of evil argues that it is logically inconsistent to say that God is all-loving, God is all-powerful and that evil exists.
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What did Hume conclude about the logical problem of evil?
Hume concluded it is logically incompatible to say that God is all-loving and all-powerful and conclude Evil exists too. He argued that all the philosophical attempts to create a workable theodicy have failed for this reason.
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What is the evidential problem of evil?
This is the belief that the evidence that is in existence relating to evil and suffering means that the existence of God is improbable.
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Who developed the 'fawn' example used in the most famous version of the evidential problem of evil?
William Rowe
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What is the name of the book in which William Rowe wrote about his view?
The Problem of Evil and the Varieties of Atheism
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What is meant by Intense Suffering?
Extreme Suffering
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What is the purpose of the story of Job?
To counter out the belief in Exact Retribution
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What did C.S. Lewis argue?
"A world of Robots would not be worth creating"
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Who is the main supporter of the Free Will Defence?
Richard Swinburne
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Who has the most powerful objection to the Free Will Defence?
Fyodor Dostoevsky
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In what book and chapter would you find Dostoevsky's objection?
The Brothers Karamozov - Chapter 5
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Who argued that God could have created free beings that always did good?
Mackie
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What did Helen Keller argue?
"Character cannot be developed in ease and quiet. Only through experience of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthened."
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What did D.Z. Phillips argue?
D.Z. Phillips argues that suffering can never be an expression of love and it can never be justifiable to hurt someone in order to help them.
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Who said "how if we have no knowledge of the contrary could we have instruction in which is good"?
Irenaeus
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What is the Epistemic distance?
Distance from knowledge of God - God is hidden and so allows human beings to choose freely
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What is privatio boni?
Evil itself is not a substance. It is merely the absence of good.
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What word is used to explain that man is changeable?
Mutable
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What theodicy claims that evil is an illusion?
Monism
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What is Spinoza's tree analogy?
We assume that there are general norms that living things apply to. As a result we see a shriveled tree as being defective when it really has value.
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Who wrote 'Evil and Omnipotence'?
Mackie
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Whose version of the Free Will Defence is an attempt to refute the logical problem of evil?
Alvin Plantinga
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What is the scorpion analogy?
We see the scorpion as 'bad' as we do not see the bigger picture, but in the natural world the scorpions sting is its way of defending and protecting itself from predators.
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What is the principle of plenitude?
Whatever can happen will happen.
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What is it called when you have an all-powerful God who has created beings he can not control?
The paradox of omnipotence
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What is the term for the creation out of nothing?
Ex Nilo
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What is a theodicy?
A theodicy attempts to justify God's existence in the face of evil.
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Which theodicy argues that God is not omnipotent?
Process Thought
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Which theodicy grew out of two other theodicies?
The Free Will Defence
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Which theodicy sees God as a fellow sufferer?
Process Thought
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Who claimed that suffering helps humans to develop and created a theodicy that many have adapted?
Irenaeus
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Who claimed that given all the things that actually exist the universe could not be better?
Thomas Aquinas
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is moral evil?

Back

This is evil that people commit and includes things such as murder, terrorism and ****

Card 3

Front

What is natural evil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Karen Armstrong say about the problem of evil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the logical problem of evil?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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