Problem of evil explain by Theodicy's
- the problem of evil is the following: evil exists in the world. God is all powerful. God is all loving.
- the problem many religious believers face is why a God who is all powerful and all loving would let evil exist and its creation (humanity) suffer.
- in response there are 3 main theodices:
- Augustinian theodicy
- Irenaen theodicy
- Process theodicy
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Problem of evil
- The logical problem of evil is the evidential problem of evil
- the Inconsistent triad is; God is benevolent, God is omniscient, evil exists
- There are two types of evil; natural and human
- Naturalm evil is the likes of earthquakes, tsunami and just general world disasters, this is fairly easy to explain.
- Human evil is much harder to explain as this involves all sorts of crimes such as murder, theft, burning bambi alive in a forest. much harder to explain.
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The Augustinian Theodicy
- This is the belief that evil is an absence of good
- evil is the lack of good; good does not happen so evil fills the gap.
- The first sin of Adam and Eve eating the Apple was the cause of evil entering the world
- Also seen as the cause of natural evil due to the world starting to die after sin entered
- Most common Christian explanation
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The Irenean Theodicy
- Humans were created in two stages
- The first is the human animal stage: raw, instinctual and savage
- as we've evolved and grown we've matured and become intelectual
- the second stage is about being spiritual
- as you grow you become children of God
- This world is a vale of soul making! (important to remember)
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- David Griffen "Did God have full control over the way the world was created?"
- Genesis 1:1- in the beginning...etc. they're are two different versions which mean two different things
- Griffen thinks creation from Ex Nihilo raises more problems than it solves
- He prefers the idea that God was limited to pre-existing materials than to say God was unhindered
- God is limited in power (not self-limited) could not create a world without evil
- bad things which occur in the world can only be apparant evil rather than actualy evil
- God is limited in God's essential being (nature)
- he grows and becomes perfect with us as we slowly stop committing "evil"
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