The Matching Hypothesis, Reward/Need Satisfaction, Social Exchange Theory and Equity Theory

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 05-06-15 12:40
What does the Matching Hypothesis say?
We actively seek individuals who are most like ourselves (attractiveness wise)
1 of 20
What do we have a fear of when it comes to the Matching Hypothesis?
Rejection
2 of 20
Did Murstein's study support/go against the Matching Hypothesis?
Support
3 of 20
What did Goffman say?
We aspire to be in a relationship with someone who's classed as being socially desirable
4 of 20
What did Walster et al do six months later after the original study?
Re-visited the original participants, found they'd dated similar people to themselves since the study, which supports the Matching Hypothesis
5 of 20
Why do we form relationships based on Reward/Need Satisfaction?
Because of the rewards we receive
6 of 20
What is the study based around?
Operant and classical conditioning
7 of 20
What has operant conditioning got to do with Reward/Need Satisfaction?
Rewarding stimuli produce positive feelings, whereas punishing stimuli produce negative feelings. We are more likely to repeat any behaviour that leads to a desirable outcome - we get into a relationship with someone who acts as a positive reinforcer
8 of 20
What has classical conditioning got to do with Reward/Need Satisfaction?
We become attracted to people we associate with positive feelings/events
9 of 20
What research acts as evidence for the importance of rewards?
Griffit and Guay's study
10 of 20
What type of theory is the Social Exchange Theory?
An economic theory
11 of 20
What two things does this theory involve?
Benefits and costs
12 of 20
What is the comparison level in a relationship and who came up with it?
Thibaut and Kelly - a standard against which all our relationships are judged
13 of 20
What are the 4 stages in Thibaut and Kelly's model?
Sampling, bargaining, commitment and institutionalisation
14 of 20
What are the 2 outside factors of a relationship?
Comparison level and comparison level for alternatives
15 of 20
What does the Equity Theory say?
The distribution of rewards is negotiated to ensure fairness in a relationship, unfair relationships produce more dissatisfaction
16 of 20
Outline Hatfield et al's study
Newlyweds were questioned and asked to reveal whether they believed there were receiving more/less in their relationship
17 of 20
What were the results of Hatfield et al's study?
Those that felt under-benefitted were the least satisfied, those that were over-benefitted felt guilty and those in an 'equitable' relationship felt the most satisfied
18 of 20
Which researchers talked about gender differences in relationships?
Steil and Weltman
19 of 20
What did Moghaddam et al say about Western relationships?
They are individualistic, voluntary and temporary
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What do we have a fear of when it comes to the Matching Hypothesis?

Back

Rejection

Card 3

Front

Did Murstein's study support/go against the Matching Hypothesis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Goffman say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Walster et al do six months later after the original study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Relationships resources »