Relationships Fomration, Maintenance, Breakdown - PSYA3

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  • Created by: Tasleem
  • Created on: 15-01-13 12:38
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  • Formation, Maintenance and Breakdown
    • Formation
      • Reward/need satisfaction theory
        • Rewarding directly increases attraction
        • Rewarding indirectly via reinforcement
      • Evaluation
        • Giving and receiving reward is important
        • Many relationships are not reinforcing
        • Gender differences may be due to socialisation
      • The matching hypothesis
        • Attracted to people  of similar social desirability
        • Walster et al (1966) dance study
        • Matching stronger for committed couples
        • Evaluation
          • Complex matching
          • Gender difference
          • Third parties involved
    • Maintenance
      • Social exchange theory
        • Maximise rewards/ minimise costs
        • Comparison level
        • Comparison level for alternatives
        • Equity theory
        • Evaluation
          • Contrived methodologies and limited application
          • Lack of consistent empirical support
          • Gender differences
          • Cultural bias
      • Investment theory
        • Commitment strengthened by satisfaction
        • Quality of alternatives
        • Investment in relationship contributes to stability
        • Evaluation
          • Research support - meta analysis by Le and Agnew (2003)
          • Commitment ay explain why women stay in abusive relationships
    • Breakdown
      • Rollie and Duck (2206)
        • 6 stages
          • 1. breakdown
          • 2. intrapsychic
          • 3. dyadic
          • 4. social
          • 5. grave-dressing
          • 6. resurrection
        • Evaluation
          • Research support - sex differences in resurrection
          • Impact of dissolution on initiating/non-initiating partners
          • Heterosexual bias
      • Evolutionary psychology
        • Costs related to emotional investment
        • Increasing commitment
        • Infidelity
        • Reputational damage
        • Evaluation
          • Research support fro Perilloux and Buss  (2008)
          • Ultimate and proximate causes

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