The Behavioural model of abnormality and treatments

HideShow resource information

1. How are taste aversions created?

  • If you are ill after a certain food, it's taste becomes a conditioned stimulus producing a conditioned response of nausea
  • We experience anxiety around phobic stimuli and avoid them, this prevents anxiety and acts as negative reinforcement
1 of 18

Other questions in this quiz

2. Which is an example of an unconditioned stimulus triggering an undconditioned response?

  • Unconditioned stimulus(a loud noise) is presented repeatly at the same time as another stimulus (a rat) which triggers an unconditioned response (fear)
  • A certain stimulus (a loud noise) triggers a natural reflex (fear)
  • The rat presented by itself triggers a conditioned response (fear)

3. What is meant by operant conditioning?

  • It is about learning from actions, actions which have a good outcome through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement will be repeated whereas actions which have a bad outcome, punsishment, will not
  • It is about learning from watching others and realising the negative outcomes of some behavious

4. What do behaviourists believe classical conditioning can explain?

  • abnormal behaviours, such as phobias and taste aversions
  • normal behaviours, such as eating and sleeping

5. How does operant conditioning apply to: anorexics

  • These people desire to lose weight or have more control of their lives, so not eating is positive reinforcement
  • We experience anxiety around phobic stimuli and avoid them, this prevents anxiety and acts as negative reinforcement
  • These people feel guilt and disgust, so make themselves sick so the removal of those feelings is negative reinforcement

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Abnormality resources »