The Behavioural model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What are the weaknesses of the behavioural model?

  • It cannot explain all behaviours as it neglects genetics, biology and cognition, the therapies are not effective for all disorders and may be seen as unethic as well as only treating the behaviour not the cause.
  • It's a scientific approach with testable concepts and the associated therapies have proved very effective in a variety of situations
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2. Where in real life application are operant conditioning therapies used?

  • Psychiatric hospitals, they remove the reinforcements of abnormal behaviours and give new reinforcemens for better behaviours
  • Psychiatric hospitals, they remove the reinforcements of normal behaviours and give new reinforcemens for abnormal behaviours

3. What are the strengths of the behavioural model?

  • It's a scientific approach with testable concepts and the associated therapies have proved very effective in a variety of situations
  • It cannot explain all behaviours as it neglects genetics, biology and cognition, the therapies are not effective for all disorders and may be seen as unethic as well as only treating the behaviour not the cause.

4. What do behaviourists believe classical conditioning can explain?

  • abnormal behaviours, such as phobias and taste aversions
  • normal behaviours, such as eating and sleeping

5. Which is an example of an unconditioned stimulus triggering an undconditioned response?

  • A certain stimulus (a loud noise) triggers a natural reflex (fear)
  • The rat presented by itself triggers a conditioned response (fear)
  • Unconditioned stimulus(a loud noise) is presented repeatly at the same time as another stimulus (a rat) which triggers an unconditioned response (fear)

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