Other questions in this quiz

2. Which is an example of an unconditioned stimulus triggering an undconditioned response?

  • A certain stimulus (a loud noise) triggers a natural reflex (fear)
  • The rat presented by itself triggers a conditioned response (fear)
  • Unconditioned stimulus(a loud noise) is presented repeatly at the same time as another stimulus (a rat) which triggers an unconditioned response (fear)

3. What is meant by the behavioural therapy: systematic desensitization?

  • This is used for phobias: 1. the phobic makes a fear hierachy 2. a situation with their least feared event and made to relax 3. fear and relaxation can't happen at the same time 4. repeats until the phobic is only relaxed 5. repeat for whole hierachy
  • The removal of an abnormal behaviour by associating it with unpleasant feelings, for example: alcoholics are given alcohol at the same time as a drug which makes the nauseous

4. How does operant conditioning apply to: anorexics

  • These people feel guilt and disgust, so make themselves sick so the removal of those feelings is negative reinforcement
  • These people desire to lose weight or have more control of their lives, so not eating is positive reinforcement
  • We experience anxiety around phobic stimuli and avoid them, this prevents anxiety and acts as negative reinforcement

5. What is meant by the behavioural therapy: aversion therapy?

  • The removal of an abnormal behaviour by associating it with unpleasant feelings, for example: alcoholics are given alcohol at the same time as a drug which makes the nauseous
  • This is used for phobias: 1. the phobic makes a fear hierachy 2. a situation with their least feared event and made to relax 3. fear and relaxation can't happen at the same time 4. repeats until the phobic is only relaxed 5. repeat for whole hierachy

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