The Behavioural model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What are behavioural therapies based on?

  • Identification of what reinforces abnormal behaviours and an attempt to change them through conditioning
  • Identification of what reinforces normal behaviours and an attempt to change them through conditioning
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2. How does operant conditioning apply to: maintaining phobias?

  • We experience anxiety around phobic stimuli and avoid them, this prevents anxiety and acts as negative reinforcement
  • These people feel guilt and disgust, so make themselves sick so the removal of those feelings is negative reinforcement
  • These people desire to lose weight or have more control of their lives, so not eating is positive reinforcement

3. What does the behavioural model believes?

  • Behaviours are all learnt
  • Behaviours are all innate
  • Behaviours are all assumed

4. What are the two forms of conditioning?

  • classical and operant
  • classical and behavioural
  • behavioural and operant

5. Which is an example of an unconditioned stimulus triggering an undconditioned response?

  • A certain stimulus (a loud noise) triggers a natural reflex (fear)
  • The rat presented by itself triggers a conditioned response (fear)
  • Unconditioned stimulus(a loud noise) is presented repeatly at the same time as another stimulus (a rat) which triggers an unconditioned response (fear)


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