The Behavioural model of abnormality and treatments

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1. Which is an example of a conditioned stimulus triggering an unconditioned response?

  • A certain stimulus (a loud noise) triggers a natural reflex (fear)
  • Unconditioned stimulus(a loud noise) is presented repeatly at the same time as another stimulus (a rat) which triggers an unconditioned response (fear)
  • The rat presented by itself triggers a conditioned response (fear)
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2. What are the weaknesses of the behavioural model?

  • It cannot explain all behaviours as it neglects genetics, biology and cognition, the therapies are not effective for all disorders and may be seen as unethic as well as only treating the behaviour not the cause.
  • It's a scientific approach with testable concepts and the associated therapies have proved very effective in a variety of situations

3. What does the behavioural model believes?

  • Behaviours are all learnt
  • Behaviours are all innate
  • Behaviours are all assumed

4. How does operant conditioning apply to: maintaining phobias?

  • These people desire to lose weight or have more control of their lives, so not eating is positive reinforcement
  • We experience anxiety around phobic stimuli and avoid them, this prevents anxiety and acts as negative reinforcement
  • These people feel guilt and disgust, so make themselves sick so the removal of those feelings is negative reinforcement

5. How are taste aversions created?

  • If you are ill after a certain food, it's taste becomes a conditioned stimulus producing a conditioned response of nausea
  • We experience anxiety around phobic stimuli and avoid them, this prevents anxiety and acts as negative reinforcement

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