The Behavioural model of abnormality and treatments

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1. What are the strengths of the behavioural model?

  • It's a scientific approach with testable concepts and the associated therapies have proved very effective in a variety of situations
  • It cannot explain all behaviours as it neglects genetics, biology and cognition, the therapies are not effective for all disorders and may be seen as unethic as well as only treating the behaviour not the cause.
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2. What does the behavioural model believes?

  • Behaviours are all assumed
  • Behaviours are all learnt
  • Behaviours are all innate

3. Who did the study of Little Albert using classical conditioning?

  • Palmer and Peterson
  • Walton and Rayner
  • Holmes and Ray

4. What is meant by the behavioural therapy: aversion therapy?

  • The removal of an abnormal behaviour by associating it with unpleasant feelings, for example: alcoholics are given alcohol at the same time as a drug which makes the nauseous
  • This is used for phobias: 1. the phobic makes a fear hierachy 2. a situation with their least feared event and made to relax 3. fear and relaxation can't happen at the same time 4. repeats until the phobic is only relaxed 5. repeat for whole hierachy

5. Where in real life application are operant conditioning therapies used?

  • Psychiatric hospitals, they remove the reinforcements of abnormal behaviours and give new reinforcemens for better behaviours
  • Psychiatric hospitals, they remove the reinforcements of normal behaviours and give new reinforcemens for abnormal behaviours


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