The Behavioural Approach to Psychopathology

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OUTLINE OF APPROACH

  • Only Behaviour is Important
  • Behavioural model concentrates on behaviours 
  • Behaviours can be internal or external. External events are focused on by behaviourists.
  • Abnormal Behaviours are learned through Conditioning or Social Learning
  • Behaviours are all learned by external events; abnormal and normal behaviour do not differ in the way they are learned. 
  • Learning theory explains disorders where the major characteristics are behaviour.
  • Arachnophobia involves avoidance and feelings of anxiety when in the presence of a spider.
  • Learning Environment
  • Learning environments can reinforce problematic behaviours; avoidant behaviour lowers anxiety, depressive behaviour may elicit help from others. 
  • Children create a model in which they judge behaviour by; e.g. drug taking by judging that they will be rewarded by peers. 

METHODS OF INVESTIGATING THE BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH

  • Experiments
  • experiments are the most effective way because

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