How did the League of Nations fail in its aims to keep peace?

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What were the aims of the League of Nations?
Keep Peace, work towards disarmament, find peaceful solutions to disputes, improve living conditions. Collective security was an important feature.
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What were the 2 main crisis' that weakened the League?
The Manchurian Crisis and the Abyssinian Crisis
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How did the Manchurian crisis affect people's views of the League?
They thought the League would not be able to prevent aggression. They thought that members could not stand up to key powers in the League. The League was powerless.
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How did the Abyssinian crisis affect people's views of the League?
Collective security was an empty promise. The league could not stand up to major powers. Saw the League as untrustworthy due to the Hoare-Laval pact
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How did membership weaken the League?
USA never joined meaning sanctions were not always effective. Russia never joined as they were communist but they were also powerful. France and Britain had been weakened by the war.
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How did the Structure weaken the League?
The Assembly only met once a year meaning any decisions which had to be unanimous dragged on. In the council permanent members had a veto. The League had no army so could not enforce decisions.
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What were the main reasons for the League failing?
Lacked key members (USA, USSR and defeated nations from WW1), organisation of league meant it was hard to act quickly, Britain and France did what was in their best interests, decisions weren't enforced and they had no army, the global depression.
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What was the Hoare-Laval pact?
This was a secret deal that the Foreign Ministers from Britain and France gave to Mussolini giving him 2/3 of Abyssinia.
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What sanctions were imposed on Italy?
All loans banned. all exports of tin, rubber and metals. All imports from Italy banned. Oil was NEVER banned.
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What did the Assembly do?
Met once a year to decide on admitting new members, elect temporary members and suggest new policies or changes to old ones. Decisions were unanimous.
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What did the Council Why do?
Met around 5 times a year and in emergencies to settle disputes using moral condemnation, economic and financial sanctions as well as military force. Made up of 4 permanent members (Britain, France, Italy and Japan).
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What was Moral Condemnation?
Moral Condemnation was the 'aggressor' taking the blame for starting the dispute and the other members in the league condemning them.
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Why were economic sanctions not always effective?
As the USA were not a part of the league and were major trading partners for many key powers.
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Why were some countries not welcome to join the League?
They were viewed as aggressive (Germany and other defeated countries) or were communist (USSR)
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Card 2

Front

What were the 2 main crisis' that weakened the League?

Back

The Manchurian Crisis and the Abyssinian Crisis

Card 3

Front

How did the Manchurian crisis affect people's views of the League?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did the Abyssinian crisis affect people's views of the League?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did membership weaken the League?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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