History - Peacemaking and the League of Nations

History - Unit One (International Relations)

Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations

How did the Treaty of Versailles establish peace?

Why did the Leage of Nations fail in its aim to keep peace?

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Page 1

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1




History
Unit One ­ International Relations
Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
How did the Treaty of Versailles establish peace?
The Aims of the Big Three

The leaders of the great powers met at Versailles in 1919 to discuss
the…

Page 2

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



Woodrow Wilson's main concern was making sure that war never
broke out again. Therefore, he came up with the `Fourteen Points' to
help achieve this. Some of the main points were:

Disarmament
Self-determination
The League of Nations to be set up…

Page 3

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



War guilt
o Germany to accept blame for the war (`Clause 231')
Anschluss
o Forbidden to unite with Austria to form a super state

The Treaty became known as a Diktat - as it was being forced on them
and the…

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



Britain and France were increasing their empires still




Why did the League of Nations fail in its aim to keep peace?
The League of Nations

The League of Nations was made up of twenty-six articles, with ten
really important ones. In…

Page 5

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Unit 1



However, some countries were not allowed to join, including
Germany and Russia.
o This immediately meant that two of the most important
countries were banned.
o They did both join though later on; Germany in 1926 and
Russia in 1934.
The…

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



If the states in dispute failed to listen to the Assembly's decision,
the League could introduce economic sanctions. The purpose of
this sanction was to financially hit the aggressor nation so that
she would have to do as the League required.…

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



o China claimed that Japan had committed and act of
aggression; Japan claimed it had invaded to restore order.
o The commission issued a report a year later. It found that
China's rule was chaotic, and Japan had some grievances
against…

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



o In October 1935, Italy attacked Ethiopia because there had
been a dispute over the border (Somaliland).
o The League was investigating this and was due to report
back on it; but Mussolini (the Italian ruler) didn't wait, and
was looking…

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Peacemaking 1918-1919 and the League of Nations
Unit 1



A formalised protest between Britain, France and Italy against German
rearmament and a commitment to stand, united, against Germany
(particularly Hitler)




Reasons for the Collapse of the League




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