Textiles - pattern drafting

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What is grading?
When a pattern is done, it can be enlarged or reduced to produce other sizes
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What is the basic block?
the original pattern, before reshaping
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What is labelling?
When patterns are labelled so they are easier to understand
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what is Notching?
When notches are cut into edges of the pattern pieces to indicate where one pattern piece fits with another
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what is the seam allowance?
It is the margin that is allowed for sewing the fabric pieces together. It is usually 1.5cm
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What is the Ease?
This is the extra fabric that is allowed on a pattern to make a garment more comfortable.
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What is the alteration line?
Usually double line on the pattern which allows you to change the pattern as you need. e.g. shorten or lengthen
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What is the straight grain?
It is a vital element of any pattern. It ensures that the fabric sits or hangs the correct way when you cut it out and assemble the garment.
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What does the straight grain usually look like?
A straight line with arrow heads on either end. It lies parallel to the selvedge
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What is the definition of a toile and what does it do?
A prototype product made from calico. It checks that everything is correct before starting the final product.
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What is good about making a toile?
It saves money and time
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What is a sealed sample and what is it for?
When a sample of the actual garment is made with the correct fabrics, trimmings and components sealed in a plastic bag. This is then available to the factory floor so that deatils can be checked.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the basic block?

Back

the original pattern, before reshaping

Card 3

Front

What is labelling?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is Notching?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is the seam allowance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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