TB7 D&L Lecture 3; Developmental Dyslexia

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  • Created by: mint75
  • Created on: 02-01-16 15:17

1. Which of these is NOT an important area in normal language functioning

  • Wernickes area (posterior superior temporal gyrus)
  • Occipital lobes
  • Brocas area (posterior inferior frontal gyrus)
  • Fusiform gyrus (vwfa) (inferior temporal lobe)
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2. What is included in the 'core' in the Phonological core variable deficit hypothesis?

  • Core deficit in working memory and phonological coding, with variable deficits outside of core, e.g. broader language difficulties
  • Core deficit in working memory and phonological coding, with variable deficits outside of core, e.g. broader language difficulties and semantic/syntactic/pragmatic deficits
  • Core deficit in phonological coding, with variable deficits outside of core, e.g. working memory , broader language difficulties
  • Core deficit in phonological coding but skills such as working memory, broader language difficulties are still part of the core deficit

3. In a study by White et al (2006), was there a significant relationship between visual measures and reading ability?

  • No
  • Yes

4. Are reading skills and the language (phonological) skills that underlie them highly heritable?

  • Yes
  • No

5. What is the core concept behind the cerebellar hypothesis?

  • Motor control is associated with dyslexia causing problems with automatisation and so reading fluency (cerebellar functioning). However, most likely just due to comorbidity rather than an underlying cause
  • Dyslexia is caused by a deficit with rapid auditory temporal processing; however this finding has not been replicated and may be indicative of broader issues

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