1. Which of these is NOT an important area in normal language functioning
- Wernickes area (posterior superior temporal gyrus)
- Occipital lobes
- Brocas area (posterior inferior frontal gyrus)
- Fusiform gyrus (vwfa) (inferior temporal lobe)
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2. What is included in the 'core' in the Phonological core variable deficit hypothesis?
- Core deficit in working memory and phonological coding, with variable deficits outside of core, e.g. broader language difficulties
- Core deficit in working memory and phonological coding, with variable deficits outside of core, e.g. broader language difficulties and semantic/syntactic/pragmatic deficits
- Core deficit in phonological coding, with variable deficits outside of core, e.g. working memory , broader language difficulties
- Core deficit in phonological coding but skills such as working memory, broader language difficulties are still part of the core deficit
3. In a study by White et al (2006), was there a significant relationship between visual measures and reading ability?
4. Are reading skills and the language (phonological) skills that underlie them highly heritable?
5. What is the core concept behind the cerebellar hypothesis?
- Motor control is associated with dyslexia causing problems with automatisation and so reading fluency (cerebellar functioning). However, most likely just due to comorbidity rather than an underlying cause
- Dyslexia is caused by a deficit with rapid auditory temporal processing; however this finding has not been replicated and may be indicative of broader issues