Substance Abuse- Key definitions

HideShow resource information
Addiction
A compulsive behaviour where an individual is preoccupied with a drug and maintaining its supply in order to gain pleasure
1 of 16
Physical Dependence
The body and brain have ADAPTED to the presence of a drug so that it's needed for normal functioning
2 of 16
Psychological Dependence
A mental and emotional BELIEF that the drug is needed for normal functioning
3 of 16
Withdrawal
The unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms that occur when a person ABRUPTLY stops taking a drug
4 of 16
The withdrawal symptoms associated with alcohol
Insomnia, Anxiety, Tremmor, Seizures, Hallucinations
5 of 16
The withdrawal symptoms associated with nicotine
Poor concentration, Headaches, Anxiety, Insomnia
6 of 16
Tolerance
A state of progressively decreasing responsiveness to a frequently used drug. A LARGER QUANTITY is needed to achieve the SAME effects
7 of 16
Stimulant (give example)
SPEED UP the nervous system by increasing the activity of dopamine e.g. Cocaine
8 of 16
Positive effects of stimulants
Increased alertness and attention, improved task performance
9 of 16
Negative effects of stimulants
Exhaution, depression, paranoia, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure
10 of 16
Depressants (give example)
SLOW DOWN the nervous system by increasing the effectiveness of GABA e.g. alcohol
11 of 16
Positive effects of depressants
Relaxed, sedated, content
12 of 16
Negative effects of depressants
Poor concentration, confusion, lack of coordination
13 of 16
Hallucinogens (give example)
DISRUPT communication between neuotransmitters and mimics serotonin e.g. LSD
14 of 16
Positive effects of hallucinogens
Distort reality, euphoria
15 of 16
Negative effects of hallucinogens
Tremors, panic attacks, paranoia, anxiety, increased heart rate
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The body and brain have ADAPTED to the presence of a drug so that it's needed for normal functioning

Back

Physical Dependence

Card 3

Front

A mental and emotional BELIEF that the drug is needed for normal functioning

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The unpleasant physical and psychological symptoms that occur when a person ABRUPTLY stops taking a drug

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Insomnia, Anxiety, Tremmor, Seizures, Hallucinations

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Substance Abuse resources »