Stalin's rise and gain to power

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  • Created by: katewells
  • Created on: 08-05-16 14:40
When did Stalin come to power?
1929
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What role did Stalin adopt in 1917
Commissar of Nationalities (experience with minority)
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What role did Stalin adopt in 1919?
Commissar of workers and peasants inspectorate
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What role did Stalin adopt in 1922?
General secretary of the central committee
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Who was Leon Trotsky?
Former follower of the Petrograd Soviet with Lenin
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What 3 roles did Trotsky play during the October revolution?
1) Set up the Red army 2)Helped Lenin with the army and organised affairs 3) Had a lot of experience and was a good public speaker
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When was Trotsky expelled from the communist part?
1927
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When did Trotsky exile, where to and what happened?
1929, to Mexico where he was assassinated in 1940 by a Soviet agent
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What was the Chistka of 1932-5?
20% of party members expelled non violently as they were people who had joined the party for their benefit rather than for ideological reasons
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What were the show trials?
Where prominent old Bolsheviks were publicly tried and executed, they were often filmed and used as propaganda in cinemas
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What was the Yezhovshchina of 1937-8?`
The period were thousands of party members of the armed forces were denounced, arrested and imprisoned or sent to labor camps
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How many Anti-Soviets were there on the list that Yezhov drew up?
250,000
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When did Stalin set about removing all the leading Communist party members who had taken part in the 1917 revolutions?
1936
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How many of Lenin's central committee survived?
2 including Stalin
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What were most of the Red army officers accused of?
Spying for Nazi Germany and 1/2 shot
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How many of the generals and the admirals of the armed forces were executed?
81/103
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Which 2 heads of the NKVD were shot?
Yagonda and Yezhov (who were responsible for the purges)
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How many were sent to labor camps?
20 million over 1/2 died
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How did Stalin create a cult personality of himself?
-Had to show Stalin in a positive light -Statues were put up in every town -Millions of posters with his face on put up everwhere
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What was Russification?
Where only Russian customs and language were allowed
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When was the 1936 constitution made?
5th December
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What was the 1936 constitution?
The redesigning of the Soviet Union government
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How was the Soviet Union government redesigned?
Into 2 chambers of parliament the Soviet union and Soviet nationalities
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How often did the new goverment hold elections?
4 years
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What were the labor camps called under Stalin?
The gulags
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Card 2

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What role did Stalin adopt in 1917

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Commissar of Nationalities (experience with minority)

Card 3

Front

What role did Stalin adopt in 1919?

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Card 4

Front

What role did Stalin adopt in 1922?

Back

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Card 5

Front

Who was Leon Trotsky?

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