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Development of Dictatorship, Germany 1918-45
The Weimar Republic 1918-1929

The German Revolution

Causes

Failure of WWI
Allied Navies blockaded the German coast (Deprived of basic goods)
Food shortages
Deadly influenza spread since August 1918
Military failure caused a loss in morale

Events

29th October 1918, mutiny spread at the naval…

Page 2

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Treaty of Versailles

Reparations of 6600 million pounds were needed to be paid to the Allies.
Germany lost its 11 colonies and was given to the victorious countries as mandates.
German Military forces and navy were limited and could be only used internally, no air force was
allowed, Rhineland was…

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Effects

Farmers profited from the rising food prices
Some business could pay off their loans and buy small failing business for cheaply.
However, everyone suffered from shortages, as marks become worthless foreign suppliers
rejected marks for goods, increasing shortages.
Savings in bank accounts, insurance policies or pensions became worthless; this…

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The Stresemann Era

In September 1923, new chancellor Gustav Stresemann cancelled the old mark and introduced a new
currency called the Rentenmark. This led to a period of stability. He introduced;

The Dawes Plan, 1924

Stresemann negotiated with the Allies the unpaid reparations, the terms were;

Annual payments were reduced…

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Hitler's role

A great orator who attracted supporters from the army, the police and small businessmen at
meetings, membership rapidly grew to 3000 during 1920.
With their increased membership this boosted funds enough to buy a newspaper to spread their
ideologies.
He changed the name to the National Socialist German…

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In the short term, this was a failure and humiliating for Hitler, as the NSDAP was banned and he was
defeated however there were some beneficial long term effects.

Hitler used his trial as national publicity to portray his views
The ban on the NSDAP was weakly enforced and as…

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Middle class-as the Depression lost their companies, savings or pensions, they saw Hitler as the
solution who could recover Germany, they feared the communist party KPD who would abolish
private ownership, and they appreciated the traditional moral values that the Nazis represented.
Farmers & Big businesses - Hitler could protect…

Page 8

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Hitler hoped for more Nazi seats in Reichstag, and called for an election, to help his campaign he;

Raised millions of mark from rich businessmen
Used a decree to imprison his political opponents
Used the SA to attack his political rivals

The election resulted into 70 deaths and increased Nazi…

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As Fuhrer he would have all the president's power as well as those he had as chancellor
He forced an oath of loyalty from every army solider

The Nazi Police State

Nazi Germany was a police state where the government used the police to control people's lives and
suppress any…

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Nazis and Christianity

Christianity was suppressed in the Nazi police state, as Christianity preached tolerance and peace and
Nazism glorified racial superiority and violence.

Catholic Church

Catholics owed their allegiance to the Pope and not to Hitler
Catholics had their own school, which differed from the teachings of Nazi state…

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