Sport Psychology

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What is the Narrow Band Approach?
Type A personality - impatient, intolerant, high anxiety Type B - relaxed, tolerant, low anxiety
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How can the Narrow Band Approach help in sport?
Coach can put in intervention strategies if they know natural anxiety levels
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Name the 4 types of personality
Stable, Neurotic, Extrovert, Introvert
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What is the social learning personality theory?
States personalities change depending on who we're with - we adapt traits of role models
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What is the interactionist approach?
States we are born with personality traits but they are changed by interacting with the environment
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What are the 3 components of attitudes?
Beliefs, Emotions, Behaviour
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What is LaPiere's Study?
Attitudes expressed as behavior can be different to attitudes written down due to prejudice - can be good or bad
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How can we change attitudes?
Persuasive communication
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How can we insure persuasion is successful?
Persuader is a role model, message is believable and person being persuaded is intelligent enough
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What is a stereotype?
A belief held by a collection of people about traits shared by a category of people
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What are stereotypes in sport?
Boys can't dance - stereotypes influence our attitudes
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Name the types of motivation
Intrinsic, extrinsic
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What is arousal?
The amount of drive we experience to achieve something - the intensity part of motivation
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What are the effects of arousal?
Physiological - increase HR and sweating Psychological - anxiety
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Who developed the drive theory?
Hull, 1943 Spence and Spence, 1968
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What is the drive theory?
Shows relationship between arousal and performance as liner
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What is the formula for drive theory?
p = f(H x D)
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What is drive reduction?
Loss of arousal due to lack of motivation or thinking you're performing at the best of your ability
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Who developed the Inverted U Theory?
Yerkes and Dodson - 1908
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What is the inverted U theory?
Performance decreases as arousal levels are moderate
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What is the inverted U theory adapted for?
Type of activity, skill level, personality
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Who created the catastrophe theory?
Fazey and Hardy, 1988
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What is the catastrophe theory?
High arousal results in a massive drop in performance, moderate levels result in a steady decline
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What effects the catastrophe theory?
Somatic and cognitive anxiety
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What is peak flow experience?
Emotional response to optimum performance - known as 'being in the zone'
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What is trait and state anxiety?
Trait is anxiety which is enduring in an individual State is a learnt behavioral response
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What is competitive anxiety related to?
Importance of the game, anxiety types, general/specific anxiety, competition process
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What is a **** test?
Questionnaire which measures trait anxiety to predict state anxiety
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How can peak flow experience be achieved?
Relaxed, confident, focused, effortless activity, automatic movements, satisfaction, control over body and mind
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What is the instinct aggression theory?
Views aggression as a natural response which has evolved in humans
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What did Lorenz 1966 add to this theory?
Humans build up aggression which needs to be released antisocially or through sport
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What is the frustration-aggression hypothesis?
Dollard, 1939 shows frustration leads to aggression and catharsis
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What is the aggressive cue hypothesis?
Berkowits 1969 shows frustration raises arousal levels, stimuli needs to be present for aggression to occur
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What is the social learning aggression theory?
Bandura 1977 states aggression is learnt by observing and copying others
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Card 2

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How can the Narrow Band Approach help in sport?

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Coach can put in intervention strategies if they know natural anxiety levels

Card 3

Front

Name the 4 types of personality

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is the social learning personality theory?

Back

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Card 5

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What is the interactionist approach?

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