Psychology lesson notes

BTEC National diploma in sports, west herts college

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  • Created on: 26-09-11 09:30
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Friday 16th September 2011
Psychology for sports performance
1. Define personality- the sum of characteristics which make people unique
2. What does the trait theory suggest? The trait theory suggests that people are
either type A or type B
3. What are the trait theory limitations? People may be in both categories,
measured through questionnaires, personality does change
Situation Vs Personality
1. Think of your personality, what influences your behaviour during a
sporting performance? During a race I would be a bit competitive, to try
and win against other participants
2. Can personality alone help us to predict behaviour? No, because it
depends on the situation, who the person is with and what stress is on the
3. Choose two athletes of your choice- traits in interviews- Michael
Phelps- laid back and relax' David beckham- Can be abit competitive In
sporting situations- Michael Phelps ­ Relax' but can be competitive David
beckham- can be very competitive
Situational approach
Suggests that behaviour is dependent on the situation or environment. An introvert
individual may show extrovert characteristics during a sporting situation
Introvert- quiet, shy
Extrovert- outgoing
Strength- emphasises the situation
Weakness- situation will not always be the influence behaviour
Interactional approach
The interactional approach suggests that situations and traits on their own cannot predict
behaviour. It has been noted that some people behave in a certain situation but differently in
others. The interactional approach attempts to offer an alternative to trait and situational
approaches and combines the two.

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Level one- Psychological core
The deepest component of personality, and it at its centre. Individual beliefs, attitudes and
values and feelings of self worth. Said to be `the real you'. For example- fair play on the field.
Level two- typical responses
The way in which an individual would respond in certain situations.
Level three- role related behaviour
Shallowest level of our personality. Shows how we change our personality to adapt to the
situation we are in.…read more


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