Second Crusade

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  • Created by: EmilyA-J
  • Created on: 09-04-14 15:29
When was the Second Crusade?
1145-1149
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What was the cause of the second crusade?
The fall and massacre at Edessa.
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In what year was the city of Edessa taken and by whom?
1146 by the Muslims (Turks)
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Between which Crusades were the Templars and the Hospitallers formed?
Second and Third.
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Knights Hospitaller...
Knights of the Order of Saint John the Hospitaller.The Hospitallers grew out of a brotherhood for the care of sick pilgrims in a hospital at Jerusalem following the First Crusade in 1100 AD.
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Templar knights
The Templar Knights.Knights of the Middle Ages were the principal members of the Templar Knights and were supported by lower class soldiers and priests.
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Who preached the Second Crusade?
Pope Eugenius III in a bid to defeat the Muslims who were still threatening to retake control of the Holy Lands.
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Where were the Crusaders for the second crusade taken from?
England, France and Germany.
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Which Cistercian abbot encouraged the two kings to go on the crusade? who were the kings?
Bernard of Clairvaux, encouraged Conrad III of Germany to go on crusade alongside Louis VII. The pair arrived in Constantinople in 1147, together leading their respective armies - the first time that kings had done so.
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What was the original plan for this crusade?
The plan was to cross to Anatolia in order to destroy the Turkish armies that had been seen the year prior, while the ultimate aim of the crusade was to recover the County of Edessa, secure the pilgrim pass and provide reinforcements to Jerusalem.
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Which city was attacked first?
Damascus- had been allied to the Christians until this point. However, upon the arrival of Nur al-Din and his armies, both Louis VII of France and Conrad III of Germany were defeated by the Turks and abandoned their siege, ending the Second Crusade.
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What success was achieved?
They acquired Lisbon in Portugal and numerous other small settlements.
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Reasons for the failure of the Second Crusade
lack of communication between the two kings. Conrad launched an attack on the Muslim capital, Iconium, while the French attacked another target in Anatolia.Splitting up gave the Turks a chance to march from one location to the next quickly.
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How were the two armies affected by the Turks?
Conrad was instantly defeated by the Turks and almost died as a result. The French, while lasting longer, were also defeated and their army nearly entirely destroyed.
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What was their original plan or the invasion?
They would cross to Anatolia and destroy the Turkish armies that had been spotted the previous year.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the cause of the second crusade?

Back

The fall and massacre at Edessa.

Card 3

Front

In what year was the city of Edessa taken and by whom?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Between which Crusades were the Templars and the Hospitallers formed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Knights Hospitaller...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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