Bernard of Clairvaux and the changing motivations of the crusaders

HideShow resource information
Preview of Bernard of Clairvaux and the changing motivations of the crusaders

First 290 words of the document:

Bernard of Clairvaux and the changing motivations of the crusaders
What role did Bernard of Clairvaux play in recruitment How did the aims of the Crusade change over time?
of the Second Crusade? The crusader armies split and went on different
Bernard of Clairvaux persuaded Conrad's rival, crusades, with some attacking Portugal and Spain,
Duke Welf VI of Bavaria to join before Conrad particularly Lisbon, Almeria and Tortesia
himself took up the cross on 28th December 1146 Some crusaders also went off and fought the pagan
Close ally of the pope ­ both Cistern monks Wens in the Baltics
Pope delegated recruitment to Bernard This is worrying as you don't have all your men on
Preached antisemetic preaching ­ new chivalry the same crusade as you and you could lose some of
Spread the word of Quantum Praedecessores your best men in another crusade that wasn't even
Used preaching tours and letters to encourage important
Having said this, even the main crusade switched
their aims
Pope Eugenius called the 2nd crusade in order to
recapture Edessa, which had been taken by Zenghi
on Christmas Eve 1144
Louis VII and Conrad III set out to recapture Edessa
with their armies
But, at Antioch, in June 1148, at the Council of
Palmarea, the leaders decided that it would be better
to attack Damascus
they were ill prepared for Damascus
To what extent can Bernard of Clairvaux be blamed for
failure?
Bernard did big up the crusade a bit too much
He wasn't really any good at fighting
He didn't keep the Crusaders under control

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Bernard of Clairvaux and the changing motivations of the crusaders
He didn't carry out the Pope's wishes eithers…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »