SCLY1

  • Created by: Tinashe
  • Created on: 11-05-13 13:01
Family
A social institution consisting of a group of people who are related by kinships ties: relations of blood, marriage or adoption
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Household
one person living along or a group of people who live at the same address and share living arrangements
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Demography
The term used for the study of the characteristics of human populations, such as their size and structure and how these change over time
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Birth Rate
Is the number of live births per 1,000 of the population each year
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Fertility rate
Is the number of live births per 1,000 women of child-bearing age (15-44) per year
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Infant mortality rate
Is the number of deaths of babies in the first year of life per 1,000 live births per year.
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Death rate
Is the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population per year
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Life expectancy
Is an estimate of how long people can be expected to live from a certain age, usually from birth
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An ageing population
Is one in which the average age is getting higher, with a greater proportion of the population over retirement age, and a smaller proportion of young people.
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Divorce Rate
Is the number of divorces per 1,000 married people per year
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Sexual division of labour
Refers to the way jobs are divided into ‘men’s jobs’ and ‘women’s jobs.’
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Expressive role
The nurturing, caring and emotional role.
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Instrumental role
Is the provider/breadwinner role in the family
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Double shift or dual burden
Refers to wives taking responsibility for the bulk of domestic tasks as well as holding down full-time jobs
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Segregated division of labour in the home
A traditional sexual division of labour in which women take responsibility for housework and mothering, and men take responsibility for being the breadwinner and head of the household
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Familial ideology
The view that a particular type of family (eg. marriage, men as breadwinners, women as mothers and housewives) are the ideals that people should aspire to.
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Secularization
Is the process whereby religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance
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Reconstituted family
One or both partners previously married, with children of previous marriages
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Lone parent family
Lone parent with dependent children, most commonly after divorce or separation (though may also arise from death of a partner or unwillingness to marry or cohabit)
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Gay or lesbian family
Same sex couple living together (may have a Civil Partnership)with children
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Beanpole’ family
A multi-generation extended family in a pattern which is long and thin, with few aunts and uncles, reflecting fewer children being born in each generation, but people living longer
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Modified extended family
An extended family living far apart, but keeping in touch by phone, letters, email and frequent visits
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Classic extended family
An extended family sharing the same household or living close by
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Maternal instinct
A social construction presented as a 'natural' instinct to desire motherhood and want to care for children.
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Privatization
Is the process whereby households and families become isolated and separated from the community and from wider kin, with people spending more time together in home-centred activities
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Structural differentiation
Refers to the way new, more specialized social institutions emerge to take over a range of functions that were once performed by a single institution
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Meritocracy or meritocratic society
Is a society where occupational status is mainly achieved on the basis of talent, skill and educational qualifications, rather than whom you know or the family you were born into
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Primary socialization
Refers to socialization during the early years of childhood (contrasted with secondary socialization, when other social institutions exert an ever increasing influence on individuals, such as the school, the peer group and the mass media.
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Functional prerequisites
The basic needs of society, such as the need for social order.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

one person living along or a group of people who live at the same address and share living arrangements

Back

Household

Card 3

Front

The term used for the study of the characteristics of human populations, such as their size and structure and how these change over time

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Is the number of live births per 1,000 of the population each year

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Is the number of live births per 1,000 women of child-bearing age (15-44) per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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