Sociology SCLY1 Notes

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AS Sociology Revision Notes- SCLY1
New Right
Roles within the Household
Domestic violence
Family Diversity
21st Century Childhood
Birth Rate
Fertility Rate
Migration Rate
Death Rate
State Policies

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Functionalism - Sees that everything in the world has a function or a purpose in society and
explains things in society according to this.…read more

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Karl Marx
Focuses mainly on the economic system
Macro-Conflict Theory
Capitalism has two main classes in society:
o Bourgeoisie (Ruling Class)
o Proletariat (Working Class)
Bourgeoisie benefit from society
Proletariat get less than they deserve and are exploited by the bourgeoisie
Marxists argue that the bourgeoisie also control other institutions
Theses socialise the proletariat into believing capitalism is a good idea
They follow the `ruling class ideology'
Only looks at the negative side of the family
Family is a mini factory to produce…read more

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All societies have been founded on patriarchy
Key division in society is between men and women
Men are the enemy and are the source of women's oppression and exploitation
Women are confined to limited roles with in the family home sexual division of labour
Nuclear family only meets the needs of men and exploits women socialises the next
generation ensures exploitation continues.…read more

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Marriage DECLINE
1972 the highest number of couples to get married since WWII (1943) 480,000
Due to the baby boom of the 1950's
The average number of marriages in England and Wales went into decline 2005 ­ 244,710
Possible reasons for decline in marriage:
o Secularisation
o Liberal views to sex outside marriage
o Rise in cohabitation (trail marriages)
o Increase cost in marriage
o Economic recession
o Changes in attitudes and Social position of women
o No longer dependent on men
o Women becoming…read more

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The ONS suggest cohabiting couples are the fastest growing family type in the UK, around
2.2 million families are cohabiting couples with or without children.
This has grown by 65% since 1997.
New Right
Argue that cohabitation is less stable than marriage.
Morgan (2000) claimed that cohabiting couples are less happy and less fulfilled than married
couples, and more likely to be abusive, unfaithful, stressed and depressed.
Kiernan (2007)
Difficult to generalize about cohabiting couples.…read more

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Ann Oakley (Feminist)
'In only a small number of marriages are the husband notably domesticated... home and
children are the woman's primary responsibility.'
Referring to the triple shift, a women who works and then does the housework and child
Mckee and Bell (1986)
Men's masculine identity is threatened by losing a job
Wives are unwilling to threaten it further by insisting that the husband take on more of a
domestic role.…read more

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AO2- can psychological affect the child, see as acceptable behaviour carry it out in education
Women policed into her role within the family, supporting her husband
Helps the equilibrium of society
Keeping a women in her place, in the home - Bringing up the next generation.
Marxist Feminists
Men take out stress on wives, not frustrated at work, so more productive at work
Radical Feminists
Ansley-takers of shit, men dominate women.…read more

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Family Diversity
Household ­ when a group of people live together under one roof and share living accommodation.
Family ­ is a group of people who function together as a social unit and that may or may not be
biological related.
Different family types:
Nuclear family
Empty Nest
Extended Family
Lone Parent
Same Sex Family
Childhood is a social construction shaped and given meaning by culture and society.
Childhood is not universal, differs depending on the culture and values of society.…read more

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Century Childhood
Postman (1994)
Argues childhood is disappearing
Television gives children access to the adult world
`Social Blurring' little distinction between adults and children.
Phillips (1997)
Argues that popular culture has encouraged girls to embrace a sexual identity at a young
Brooks (2001)
Criticises Postman
Adults taking control of children's lives
Cotton wool society
Parents more obsessed with safety
Population of children disappearing.…read more


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