Revision summary - SCLY2

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Role of the family
Functionalists :)
· Murdock
4 major functions REES
· Parsons
primary socialisation
stabilisation of adult personality
· Theory of fit
geographical mobility
nuclear families fit the economy
Marxists :(
· Engels
private property
· Zaretsky
families serve capitalism
provides emotional warmth
· Althusser
serving functions of an ideological state apparatus
separate roles in home and work
Feminists :(
· Radical
family is the root of oppression
women should live independently of men
domestic violence
· Marxist
Benston - maintains workers
benefits men and capitalism
conflict theory
· Liberal
gender equality
campaign against womens rights
men get more benefit from marriage
Dark side :(
· Wilkinson
lower social class face greater hardship
w/c have more stress = conflict and violence
· Dobash
- male dominated society
- no support
men have the right to discipline wives
domestic violence

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Changing structure/family diversity
· Morgan
society is more fragmented
`what people do'
relationships have become less clear cut
· Cheal
no longer one type of family
choice over the type of family we choose
· Giddens
more equality
free to choose marriage or cohabitation
· Chester
importance of family diversity is exaggerated
· Functionalists
geogrpahicall + socially mobile
division of labour
all other types of family are abnormal
· New right
decline of traditional nuclear family -…read more

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Marriage, Cohabitation and Divorce
changing attitudes
decline of religious influence
decline of stigma
changing positions
fear of divorce
declined stigma
young people are more accepting
career opportunities
increased divorce
changing laws - equalising grounds
declined stigma
rising expectations of marriage…read more

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Social policies
Cross cultural policies
· Russia
destroy nuclear family
divorce is easier
abortion is easier
· Nazi Germany
mother cross - many kids
single women loose
· China
one child policy
· Romania
increase childbirth
tighter abortion
marriage is harder
· Singapore
limit childbirth
sterilisation programme
Views about policy
· New Right
need to support nuclear
nuclear = stable
lone parents disencourage - 2 parents = discipline/role models
hetrosexual = norm
govt.…read more

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
reduce lone parents - welfare dependancy
child support agencies
1988 benefits away from 16-18
taxation allowance - more if married
· New Labour
support nuclear family but accept diversity
extended nursery places
longer maternity leave
working family tax credits
new deal
civil partnerships
Do policies support traditional family?
· Yes
child benefit
school day
limited elderly care
housing policy
child support
tax break
· No
domestic violence response
divorce law
gay/lesbian equality
state funded child care
benefits for lone…read more

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Conjugal roles
· Symmetrical families
Willmott - things are gradually improving
men help with domestic roles
Why? changes in position of women
· Conjugal roles
couples are sharing tasks
Willmott - modern marriage, men taking on domestic tasks
share decision making
· Evidence
Hardill - decision making shared
Man-Yee Kan - Income, age and education affect how much housework they do
Gershuney - men do more housework when women go to work
dual burden
husbands of w/c do…read more

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Modern Britain
dependent of adult
innocent and need protecting
Pilcher - childhood is seperated to adulthood
Benedict - more responsibility at home/work
Historical differences
Aries - in middle ages children mixed with adults
last 100 years become more child centered
Shorter - neglect of infants
due to medicine children now live longer and become more special
Ladurie - once lived communally
child centered families were impossible
Aries - the family darling
the fragile creature of god
Shorter -…read more

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Sociology AS revision summary - Family
Future of childhood
· Postman
- becoming more like adults due to expansion of TV
· Opie
- seperated from the adult culture, not disappearing
· Palmer - toxic childhood
damaging childrens development, childhood is a poisonous time…read more


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