Russia p14-17

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What happened on the afternoon of the 27th of February?
Large crowd in front of Tauride Palace (where Duma met) yelling “We need leaders! Give us leaders”
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How many Duma Deputies agreed with the Petrograd Soviet to set up a PG on March 2nd and why?
12. To run things unofficially until a new government + elections.
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What was the first of the eight principals the PG had to work to for the support of the Petrograd Soviet?
Political prisoners and exiles to be freed from prison and allowed to return to Russia.
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What was the second of the 8 principals of government?
Freedom of speech, press + to hold meetings
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What was the third of the 8 principals of government?
No class, religious or nationality discrimination
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What was the fourth of the 8 principals of government?
Preparations to be started for electing a Constituent Assembly to write a constitution.
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What was the fifth of the 8 principals of government?
All police organisations to be replaced by an elected people’s militia.
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What was the sixth of the 8 principals of government?
Local government to be elected
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What was the seventh of the 8 principals of government?
Military units that took part in the revolution should not be disbanded or sent to the front to fight.
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What was the last of the 8 principals of government?
Off-duty soldiers to have the same rights as civilians
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What was did the Petrograd Soviet issued Order No.1 state?
That the army must obey PG except where orders contradict those of the Petrograd soviet
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Why was it suggested that the Tsar should abdicate?
His train stopped 145km from St Petersburg + next station was held by revolutionaries. He + his wife so unpopular that they wouldn’t be offered to work with Duma again.
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Who did Nicholas II abdicate in favour of and how did the public react?
Brother Michael. Crowds took to the streets chanting “Down with the Romanovs” “Long live the Republic”. Michael refused the crown + accepted PG’s authority. Tsar taken prisoner.
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What were the expectations of the people for the Provisional government?
Russia out of war. Providing more effective government. Improving conditions (workers in towns/cities), solving shortages (fuel, food) + redistributing property more equally (land-peasants)
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Why were many of the reforms (i.e.land distribution) not carried out?
Needed to control more of Russia + had no real power (needed support of Petrograd Soviet and Army to get laws carried out). Saw itself as temporary-issues should wait for new, permanent, constituent Assembly.
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What made problems (i.e. shortages) harder to solve?
As the disruption and unrest of the revolution made the supply worse.
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What did the Provisional Government decide to do about the war?
Not to desert Russia’s allies, sent more troops to front + tried to spread enthusiasm for fighting for Republic instead of the Tsar but supply/leadership problems still there + army discontented as ever.
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What were the achievements of the Provisional Government?
8-hr working day, legalised public meetings, freedom of speech + political parties but this just allowed people to openly criticise PG.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many Duma Deputies agreed with the Petrograd Soviet to set up a PG on March 2nd and why?

Back

12. To run things unofficially until a new government + elections.

Card 3

Front

What was the first of the eight principals the PG had to work to for the support of the Petrograd Soviet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the second of the 8 principals of government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the third of the 8 principals of government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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