Research into the Influence of Culture on Romantic Relationships

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1. How does individualistic cultures affect whether a relationship is voluntary or non-voluntary?

  • This culture tends to live in less urbanised settings so there's less choice in whom they interact with due to geographical isolation and lack of social mobility making relationships more non-voluntary
  • Individuals are taught to interdependent and relationships should be for the greater good of the community so their community is more likely to have an opinion in whom they have a relationship with
  • This culture tends to live in a urbanised setting where they are likely to meet lots of people in a voluntary way
  • Individuals in this culture are taught to be independent, so their opinion is important in deciding who they have a relationship with
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2. What did Janovick find?

  • In Chinese university students both males and females were equally romantic and Anglo-Australian males were more causal and less romantic than their female counterparts
  • 88% of cultures showed signs of love
  • Only 1 out of 108 hunter-gatherer communities showed no signs of love

3. Issue with research into culture regarding romantic relationships

  • Deterministic
  • Relationships are subjective
  • Deterministic to suggest that cultures completely determine romantic relationships for example divorce rate in India has increased even though they are considered a collectivist cultures showing romantic relationships aren't completely deterministic
  • Reductionistic, reduces complex theory of romantic relationships to culture

4. Which study found that only 1 out of 108 hunter-gatherer communities showed no signs of love?

  • Janovick
  • Moore and Leung
  • Fisher
  • Levine

5. Which study found that those in arranged marriages were just as satisfied with their relationship as those in love marriages?

  • Myers et al.
  • Xiaohe and Whyte
  • Yelsma and Arthappily


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