Research into the Influence of Culture on Romantic Relationships

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1. Issue with research into culture regarding romantic relationships

  • Reductionistic, reduces complex theory of romantic relationships to culture
  • Deterministic
  • Deterministic to suggest that cultures completely determine romantic relationships for example divorce rate in India has increased even though they are considered a collectivist cultures showing romantic relationships aren't completely deterministic
  • Relationships are subjective
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2. What did Levine find?

  • Cross cultural study in which individuals were asked whether the would marry a stranger if they had desirable characteristics, 17% of those in US said yes whereas 37% in Thailand said yes
  • Cross cultural study in which individuals were asked whether the would marry a stranger if they had desirable characteristics, 14% of those in US said yes whereas 34% in Thailand said yes
  • Cross cultural study in which individuals were asked whether the would marry a stranger if they had desirable characteristics, 34% of those in US said yes whereas 14% in Thailand said yes
  • Cross cultural study in which individuals were asked whether the would marry a stranger if they had desirable characteristics, 15% of those in US said yes whereas 35% in Thailand said yes

3. How does collectivist cultures affect whether a relationship is voluntary or non-voluntary?

  • Individuals in this culture are taught to be independent, so their opinion is important in deciding who they have a relationship with
  • This culture tends to live in less urbanised settings so there's less choice in whom they interact with due to geographical isolation and lack of social mobility making relationships more non-voluntary
  • Individuals are taught to interdependent and relationships should be for the greater good of the community so their community is more likely to have an opinion in whom they have a relationship with
  • This culture tends to live in a urbanised setting where they are likely to meet lots of people in a voluntary way

4. Which study found that those in arranged marriages were just as satisfied with their relationship as those in love marriages?

  • Myers et al.
  • Xiaohe and Whyte
  • Yelsma and Arthappily

5. Which study found that women in love marriages were more positive about their relationship than those in arranged marriages?

  • Xiaohe and Whyte
  • Yelsma and Arthappily
  • Myers et al.

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