Reform Demands & Reactions

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1830s
great microscope technology improvements/people see microorganisms in water
1 of 19
1831-32
cholera epidemic in British towns/kills rich & poor
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1842
Edwin Chadwick report: poor people live in dirty conditions/cause huge amount of illness (people too sick to work)/suggests: improve drainage/sewers,remove waste from streets, provide clean water supplies, appoint medical officers (fewer workers ill)
3 of 19
1848
1st Public Health Act/towns told to clean up (no punishment from gov if not)/opposition: didn't want to pay taxes for town improvements (esp. rich who lived well/laissez-faire attitude)/some didn't like gov interference/set up General Board of Health
4 of 19
1849
cholera outbreak/John Snow publishes 'On the Mode of Communication of Cholera'/proves cholera spread through water not bad air
5 of 19
1853
compulsory vaccination against smallpox
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1854
John Snow continues to publish proof cholera spread through water by testing deaths around Broad Street pump/clean water essential to prevent cholera/General Board of Health disbanded
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1855
Nuisance Removal Act (overcrowding illegal)
8 of 19
1856
London Board of Works established/supervised public works around city/Joseph Bazalgette elected chief engineer
9 of 19
1858
London Great Stink/summer very hot/River Thames smell grows worse & worse (worst smells at Houses of Parliament)
10 of 19
1861
Pasteur publishes germ theory (proves bacteria causes disease)
11 of 19
1864
Factory Act (unhealthy factory conditions illegal)
12 of 19
1866
towns must have clean water/sewage system asap (inspectors will check)/London sets standard: Bazalgette's sewer system means most of London connected to sewer
13 of 19
1867
poor working men get vote
14 of 19
1868
law passed to improve/demolish slum housing
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1875
Artisans Dwellings Act: law that landlords keep houses in good condition/allows councils to demolish them if not
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1875
Food & Drugs Act: illegal to sell food/drugs 'not of proper nature'
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1875
Public Heath Act: towns must keep streets/sewers clean/can charge taxes for this/compulsory on local councils
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1876
River Pollution Prevention Act: illegal for factories to dump waste/chemicals in rivers
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

cholera epidemic in British towns/kills rich & poor

Back

1831-32

Card 3

Front

Edwin Chadwick report: poor people live in dirty conditions/cause huge amount of illness (people too sick to work)/suggests: improve drainage/sewers,remove waste from streets, provide clean water supplies, appoint medical officers (fewer workers ill)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1st Public Health Act/towns told to clean up (no punishment from gov if not)/opposition: didn't want to pay taxes for town improvements (esp. rich who lived well/laissez-faire attitude)/some didn't like gov interference/set up General Board of Health

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

cholera outbreak/John Snow publishes 'On the Mode of Communication of Cholera'/proves cholera spread through water not bad air

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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