Public Health Reform Acts 1800-1914

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1834 Poor Law Amendment Act
Medical Officers were appointed to workhouses which provided basic medical care for the poor
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1848 Public Health Act
The Central Board of Health was created and although it was abolished 10 years later, the Act also encouraged local Boards of Health to be set up to appoint a Medical Officer, provide sewers, inspect lodging houses and check food offered for sale
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1853
Vaccinations were made compulsory although no one was given the power to enforce them
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1855 Nuisance Removal Act
This act made overcrowded housing illegal
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1864 Factory Act
This act made unhealthy conditions in factories illegal
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1866 Sanitary Act
This act made local authorities responsible for sewers, water and street cleaning
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1868
An 1868 act encouraged the improvement of slum housing or its demolition
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1871 Vaccinations Act
This act made sure that the previous vaccination act was obeyed
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1875 Artisans Dwelling Act
This act made the house owners responsible for keeping their properties in good order and gave local authorities the right to buy and demolish slums if they were not improved
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1875 Public Health Act
This brought together a range of acts covering sewerage and drains, water supply, housing and disease. Local authorities had to appoint Medical Officers in charge of public health. [Continued on next card]
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1875 Public Health Act
Local sanitary inspectors were appointed to look after slaughterhouses and prevent the sale of contaminated food. Local authorities were ordered to cover sewers, keep them in good condition, supply fresh water to citizens and supply street lighting
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1906
A 1906 Act told local councils to provide free school meals for poor children
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1907
School medical examinations were ordered for all children
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1908
Old-age pensions were introduced
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1911
National insurance (free medical treatment for workers who fell ill) was introduced
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The Central Board of Health was created and although it was abolished 10 years later, the Act also encouraged local Boards of Health to be set up to appoint a Medical Officer, provide sewers, inspect lodging houses and check food offered for sale

Back

1848 Public Health Act

Card 3

Front

Vaccinations were made compulsory although no one was given the power to enforce them

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

This act made overcrowded housing illegal

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

This act made unhealthy conditions in factories illegal

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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