Health and The People-Public Health 1800-1914

In what year was the first cholera epidemic killing over 26,000 people?
1832
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When did Edwin Chadwick publish his work, 'Report in Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britain'?
1842
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Many people agreed with Chadwick and so the Health of Towns Association was set up in 1844. What nickname was it given by opponents of Chadwick?
The Clean Party
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Many believed that being poor was choice in life and therefore many wealthy people believed that the government should not concern itself with helping the poor. What phrase was used to describe this lack of involvement?
Laissez-Faire
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When was the first Public Health Act passed?
1848
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The 1848 Public Health Act includednational board to oversee things. Local areas were encouraged to collect rates (taxes) to pay for improvements in sanitation and a medical officer to oversee the improvements. What was wrong with this new Act?
Wasn't compulsory
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When did John Snow make the link between dirty water and Cholera?
1854
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When did Joseph Bazzalgette start work on building the London sewer system?
1859- completed in 1865
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Who started to develop one of the first housing schemes to improve living conditions of the London poor in 1865?
Octavia Hill
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When was Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination enforced?
1825
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When did Louis Pasteur publish his Germ Theory, thus disproving Spontaneous Generation?
1861- although not common knowledge until the late 1860s
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In which year did Benjamin Disraeli put forward the Reform Act so that working class men could have the vote?
1867- Working class men could not put pressure on the government to make changes.
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When was the second public health act introduced?
1875- areas were now forced to provide good sanitation/ medical officers and street lighting.
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When did Benjamin Disraeli introduce the Artisans' Dwelling Act?
1875- slum housing could now be knocked down and better homes re-built in their place
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When did Benjamin Disraeli introduce the Sale of food and Drugs Act? The aim of this was to stop food being adulterated in order to make food heavier meaning the shopkeeper could charge more money.
1875
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Who made use of the 1875 Artisan Dwelling Act to knock down slums in the centre of Birmingham?
Joseph Chamberlain
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Who carried out research into living conditions at the end of the 1800s?
Charles Booth (London) and Seebohm Rowntree (York)- they found that around 30% of people were in poverty
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Which political party came to power in 1906?
The Liberal Party
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Had life expectancy started to increase by 1900?
Yes- But some people were still living in poor conditions
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By 1906 new Liberals, such as Lloyd George and Winston Churchill argued that there were circumstances in which it was right for the state to intervene in people's lives. What was this called?
New Liberalism
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When did the Liberals introduce the School Meals Act (Local area uses rates (taxes) to provide free school meals. Not compulsory) ?
1906
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When did the Liberals introduce the Child Medical Inspections (Local area provides free medical inspections for children at their school)?
1907
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In 1907 Birth notification were introduced by the Liberals what did this mean?
All births were recorded and health visitors established to check that mothers knew how to care for their babies
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Lloyd George and Winston Churchill wanted to introduce many reforms but they needed money. The aim was to raise taxes to pay for all the reforms. *Income tax = 5 pence to 6 pence in the pound *Super tax for the very wealthy Inheritance tax-alcohol
The People's Budget 1909-1910
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When was the Old Age Pension Act introduced by the Liberals to those that had worked and were over the age of 70?
1908-5 shillings a week
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When was the Labour Exchange (like a job centre) formed by the Liberals?
1909 (1 million jobs a year were filled through this system)
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The Liberals set up child clinics that were held in schools to give children free medical treatment. In what year was this established?
1912
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did Edwin Chadwick publish his work, 'Report in Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britain'?

Back

1842

Card 3

Front

Many people agreed with Chadwick and so the Health of Towns Association was set up in 1844. What nickname was it given by opponents of Chadwick?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Many believed that being poor was choice in life and therefore many wealthy people believed that the government should not concern itself with helping the poor. What phrase was used to describe this lack of involvement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the first Public Health Act passed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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