Psychology flashcards 4

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elaborative rehearsal
any technique that makes you think about the information that you are remembering in a new way, rather that just repeating the information in your head
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example of elaborative rehearsal
acronyms (mnemonic device): when the first letters of the words to be remembered are used to make another word, eg: Roy G Biv-colours of the rainbow
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example of elaborative rehearsal
acrostics (mnemonic device): when the first letters of the words to be remembered are used as the first letters in a sentence or poem, eg: Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain-colours of the rainbow
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why acronyms and acrostics work
1) information is processed in a meaningful way-gives a second meaning to remember 2)letter/word acts as a cue to remember the word
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supporting evidence for elaborative rehearsal
Levin et al (1992): gave participants mnemonic acronyms or an alternative method to learn words; those who were given acronyms to help them remember performed better in the eventual memory tests
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limitations of acronyms and acrostics
Sometimes people remember the acronym or acrostic, but not what the letters represent, because the link between the acronym/acrostic may not be particularly meaningful
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

acronyms (mnemonic device): when the first letters of the words to be remembered are used to make another word, eg: Roy G Biv-colours of the rainbow

Back

example of elaborative rehearsal

Card 3

Front

acrostics (mnemonic device): when the first letters of the words to be remembered are used as the first letters in a sentence or poem, eg: Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain-colours of the rainbow

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1) information is processed in a meaningful way-gives a second meaning to remember 2)letter/word acts as a cue to remember the word

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Levin et al (1992): gave participants mnemonic acronyms or an alternative method to learn words; those who were given acronyms to help them remember performed better in the eventual memory tests

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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