Psychology: Unit 1 - Memory

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Encoding
Changing information so that it can be stored.
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Storage
Holding information in the memory store.
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Retrieval
Recovering information from storage.
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Multi-Store
The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.
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Sensory Store
Holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.
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Short-Term Store
Holds approximately seven chunks of information for a limited amount of time.
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Long-Term Store
Holds a vast amount of information for a very long period of time.
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Recency Effect
Information recieved later is recalled better than earlier information.
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Primacy Effect
The first information recieved is recalled better than subsequent information.
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Reconstructive Memory
Altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense to us.
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Structural Processing
Thinking about the physical appearance of words to be learnt.
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Phonetic Processing
Thinking about the sound of words to be learnt
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Semantic Processing
Thinking about the meaning of words to be learnt.
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Levels Of Processing
The depth at which information is thought about when trying to learnt it.
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Interference
Things that we have learnt that make it difficult to recall other information that we have learnt.
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Retroactive Interference
When information we have recently learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously.
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Proactive Interference
When information we have already learnt hinders our ability to recall new information.
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Context
The general setting or environment in which activities happen.
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Anterograde Amnesia
Being unable to learn new information after suffering brain damage.
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Hippocampus
A brain structure that is crucial for memory.
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Retrograde Amnesia
Loss of memory for events that happened before brain damage occurred.
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Reliability
In the context of eyewitness testimony, the extent to which it can be regarded as accurate.
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Leading Question
A question that hints that a particular type of answer is required.
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Cognitive Interview
A method of questioning witnesses that involves recreating the context of an event.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Holding information in the memory store.

Back

Storage

Card 3

Front

Recovering information from storage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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