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Psychology ­ Unit 1 ­ Memory


Multi-store memory ­ Peterson and Peterson (1959)

Aim: To see if rehearsal is necessary to store information in our short term
memory stores.
Method: Participants were given six triagrams, alongside six three-digit
numbers. They were given their first triagram and were asked to…

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Murdock (1962)

Aim: To provide evidence for the multi-store explanation of memory.
Method: Experimenter reads out 30 words to the participant, the participant
has to recall as many words as they can, with the experimenter recording this
Results: Participants remembered the first and last words more often than

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Wynn and Logie (1998)

Aim: To see if recall of familiar stories changed in the same way that Bartlett
found with unfamiliar stories.
Method: They asked university students to recall details of their first week at
university. They were asked to do this several times throughout the year.
Results: The…

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This study lacks ecological validity; the method includes a process not
familiar to everyday life.
Extra effort is required for deeper processing, so the extra effort could
be the reason it increases recall.
The Hippocampus:

This part of the brain stores and processes our memories.
It also helps find memories…

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Godden and Baddeley (1975)

Aim: To see if people who learn and are tested in the same environment will
recall more information than those who learn and are tested in different
Method: Participants were deep-sea divers. They were divided into four
groups. All four groups were given the same…

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Loftus and Palmer (1974)

Aim: To test the effect of leading questions on a person's recall.
Method: First, they split the participants into three groups. All groups
watched a short film of a traffic accident. They were all asked a series of
questions about the film. All the questions were…

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Bruce and Young (1998)

Aim: To see if familiarity affects the accuracy of identifying faces.
Method: Psychology lecturers were caught on security cameras at the
entrance of a building. Participants were asked to identify the faces seen on the
security camera tape from a series of high quality photographs.


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