Historical Perspectives Term Two Keywords

  • Created by: PsycSaph
  • Created on: 03-04-19 19:11
Algorithmic level
implement theory, process
1 of 102
study of programmed systems that can simulate, to some extent, human activities such as perceiving, thinking, learning, acting
2 of 102
inability to produce speech
3 of 102
the picture of human life as a collective activity in which individuals work with others to fulfil their intentions and achieve the projects according to rules and norms
4 of 102
the search for answers in an answerless world
5 of 102
anxiety of understanding of being free to possibilities and choices
6 of 102
Applied psychology
use of psychological principles and research methods to solve practical problems
7 of 102
Attentional overload
stressful condition that occurs when sensory stimulation, information and social contact make excessive demands on attention
8 of 102
Architectural psychology
study of the effects buildings have on behaviour
9 of 102
Applied research
designed to solve practical problems
10 of 102
Bystander effect
diffusion of responsibility
11 of 102
Brocas area
speech production and grammar
12 of 102
not due to lack of something, but desire to grow
13 of 102
Bad faith
refusal to accept the absurd
14 of 102
detailed biographical information
15 of 102
Basic research
conducted to advance scientific knowledge
16 of 102
groups do not know what is being tested or which group they are in
17 of 102
Computational level
description, input/output, purpose, system, problems
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Cognitive models
abstract organisation ideas derived from inferences based on observations
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Central executive
directs attention to particular tasks
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Chronological age
actual age
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a change in beh and/or attitudes and beliefs due to real or imagined pressure
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publicly acting in a way you privately disagree with
23 of 102
Cognitive dissonance
a state of psychological tension which motivates people to reduce it and resume cognitive consistency
24 of 102
movement in cognitive science that hopes to explain intellectual abilities using abilities neural networks
25 of 102
sum of interactions of individuals ‘mechanisms’ with each other and within the environment
26 of 102
Cognitive constuctivism
emphasises the development of meaningful learning by focusing on the cognitive processes that take place within individuals
27 of 102
Conditional positive regard
positive regard depends on behaviour that is viewed as acceptable
28 of 102
our belief of what a person should be
29 of 102
Clinical psychology
understanding, preventing and relieving psychology-based distress or dysfunction
30 of 102
Critical incident
situations where competent employees must be able to cope
31 of 102
subjective feelings of being overstimulated by social input or loss of privacy
32 of 102
Case studies
in-depth look at individual person
33 of 102
does not imply causation but instead predict possibility of cause and effect of relationship
34 of 102
Deep processing
involved semantic processing, encoding meaning and relating to similar
35 of 102
Discursive psychology
investigates how people practically manage psychological themes and concepts such as emotion, intent or agency within talk and text and to what ends
36 of 102
Deficiency needs
arise due to deficiency and motivate people to fulfil them when they are unmet
37 of 102
Double blinding
researchers and participants do not know which group they are in
38 of 102
Episodic buffer
general store
39 of 102
property, or set of, which make an entity what it fundamentally is
40 of 102
Environmental psychology
study of humans and their interaction with their environments
41 of 102
only source of knowledge comes through our senses (experience)
42 of 102
Empirical evidence
data collected from direct observation or experiment
43 of 102
Frontal lobe
speech and movement
44 of 102
Forensic and legal psychology
application of psychological methods and principles to legal questions and issues
45 of 102
studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each individual
46 of 102
Hawthorne effect
change of behaviours that are brought about through special attention to behaviour
47 of 102
Implementitional level
physical realisation
48 of 102
Individual difference
a stable human characteristic that varies between people
49 of 102
related to learning from experience and adapting to one’s environment
50 of 102
acting out and believing in the way you were pressured to do
51 of 102
Informative innfluence
don’t have enough information, want to be right
52 of 102
study the individual
53 of 102
the person we would like to be
54 of 102
I-O psychology
application of psychology to the workplace
55 of 102
Job analysis
detailed description of skills, knowledge and activates required for a job
56 of 102
Leap of faith
act of believing in or accepting something outside boundaries of reason
57 of 102
a mathematical expression derived from a theory that can be used to summarise and predict empirical data
58 of 102
Mental age
chronological age typical of a given level of performance
59 of 102
Mental phenomena
interconnected networks of simple, often uninformed units
60 of 102
Mock jury
group that realistically simulates a courtroom jury
61 of 102
going against the flow
62 of 102
Normative influence
don’t want to stand out, want to fit in
63 of 102
scientific study of the neuron system
64 of 102
study of the structure and function of the brain or they relate to specific psychological problems
65 of 102
Normal anxiety
due to choices and growth and change that occur around them
66 of 102
Neurotic anxiety
attempts to escape normal anxiety
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ultimate needlessness
68 of 102
Noise pollution
stressful, annoying and intrusive noise
69 of 102
Naturalistic observation
watching behaviour in natural environment
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compliance with an order, request or law or submission to another’s authority
71 of 102
Occipital lobe
72 of 102
Proactive inference
previously learned info effects new info
73 of 102
Phonetic processing
maintenance rehearsal, encode the sound
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Phonological loop
controls auditory information- phonological store (ear), articulatory process (voice)
75 of 102
science of mental testing of test properties
76 of 102
Parietal lobe
touch and sensation
77 of 102
Peak experience
experience world totally for what it is
78 of 102
Personnel psychology
concerned with testing, selection, placement and promotion
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the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes
80 of 102
Retroactive interference
new learned info effects previously learned info
81 of 102
knowledge could be gained solely through the powers of reason and logical argument
82 of 102
Semantic network theory
how information is stored in LTM
83 of 102
Serial position effect
when you show better recall for items at the beginning and end of a list than for items in the middle
84 of 102
Structural processing
when encoding is only of the physical qualities
85 of 102
Social psychology
studies how beh and beliefs are shaped by the social context in which people are embedded
86 of 102
Split brain
no connection between hemispheres
87 of 102
Social constuctionism
examine the development of jointly constructed understanding of the world that form of the basis shared assumptions about reality
88 of 102
Social constructivism
emphasises the development of meaningful learning by focusing on the cognitive processes that take place within individuals
89 of 102
realising personal potential
90 of 102
what we think about others
91 of 102
how we see ourselves
92 of 102
the process by which great souled person (superman) overcome their difficulties to embrace whatever life has to offer
93 of 102
Sports psychology
psychological factors that affect performance, physical activity and exercise and apply these to enhance individual and team performance
94 of 102
Explanation of cognitive phenomenon based on a detailed description of the phenomenon that is derived from empirical evidence
95 of 102
Temporal lobe
hearing and comprehension
96 of 102
The concept of self
is an ideal that individuals do not ultimately achieve
97 of 102
Therapy models
set of procedures to form a therapeutic alliance, explore nature of psychological problem and overcoming these
98 of 102
Unconditional positive regard
peers accepts and loves person for what they are
99 of 102
Van Restroff effect
item that stands out ‘like a sore thumb’ are more likely to be remembered
100 of 102
Visuospatial sketchpad
processes visual and spatial info
101 of 102
Wenrickes area
language comprehension
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