Core Areas Social Psychology Term Two Keywords

  • Created by: PsycSaph
  • Created on: 03-04-19 14:33
parents are more demanding and less responsive
1 of 85
parents are both demanding and responsive
2 of 85
others ideas taken on board and internalised
3 of 85
Autokinetic effect
a visual illusion that light is thought to move in dark when there is no reference item
4 of 85
Authoritarian personality
conventionalism, submission to authority and aggression
5 of 85
Asserting uniqueness
reclaiming individuality by not conforming to norms of too-similar others
6 of 85
an action that is performed to benefit a person without benefitting the self
7 of 85
Altruistic personality
a stable psychological makeup that predisposes people to help others
8 of 85
persons evaluations of various aspects of their social world
9 of 85
Attitude to behavior process model
sometimes behaviour is determined by attitudes in a more autonomic process
10 of 85
Averageness effect
the finding that people prefer average or prototypical faces to faces that have distinctive features
11 of 85
a form of social organisation characterised by preference for, and submission to, authority
12 of 85
Black sheep effect
derogation of deviant or marginal ingroup members
13 of 85
Bystander intervention
act of helping a person in danger/distress by people who are not its cause
14 of 85
change own beliefs to match that of others
15 of 85
outward change of behaviour to gain reward and avoid punishment
16 of 85
Cooperation decisions
that sacrifice the persons interests for the sake of the group
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Cognitive dissonance
unpleasant psychological state of tension/discomfort that occurs when people notice inconsistency in behaviour and attitudes
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Causal attribution
the process of assigning a cause to an event or behaviour
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Correspondent inference theory
the attribution of a personality trait that corresponded to an observed behaviour
20 of 85
Covariation theory
the attribution of events to conditions that tend to be present when the event happens and absent when it doesn’t
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Consensus information
the extent to which other people react in the same way to a particular stimulus
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Consistency information
the extent to which a person reacts to same situation in different occasions
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the idea that people seek out traits in potential relationship partners that complement, or add what is missing, to their own
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tendency of people in groups to abandon normal constraints on beh
25 of 85
Deflection decisions
persons interests at the expense of the group
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Direct approach
changing attitudes
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Distinctiveness Information
whether behaviour happens to this specific stimulus or that
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Dialectic principle
desire for privacy can vary from being open or closed to others
29 of 85
negative treatment of a group member simply because of their group membership
30 of 85
Enforced norms
receive rewards or avoid punishments
31 of 85
Emergent norm theory
beh in crowds is a result of social norms
32 of 85
Excitation theory
a phenomenon that occurs when the arousal from one stimulus is added to the arousal of a second stimulus
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False consensus effect
own behaviour are more typical than they are
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False uniqueness effect
more likely to perform positive behaviour than others
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two or more individuals perceive themselves to be members of the same social category
36 of 85
Group socialisation
the process of groups as a while and group members coming together to meet each-others needs and accomplish goals over time
37 of 85
Group cohesion
the degree to which the group holds together as an entity
38 of 85
Group behaviour
beh displayed by people who are acting within and as a group
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Group action
beh by group members that is coordinated in order to achieve a common goal
40 of 85
Group polarisation
group interaction strengthens initial learnings of group member so that attitudes become polarised
41 of 85
Group think
made of thinking that groups engage in when cohesion seems more important
42 of 85
Internalized norms
we believe that they are right
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Informational influence
desire to be right
44 of 85
Indirect approach
reduce discomfort
45 of 85
A social group to which you belong
46 of 85
Intergroup processes
Situations, cognitions, beliefs, and feelings that arise when people from different groups interact with or think about each other
47 of 85
Kin selection
acting different towards members of the same species based on their degree of genetic relatedness to the self
48 of 85
Law of attraction
attraction towards a person is directly and linearly related to the proportion of attitudes that one shares with that person
49 of 85
Motivated actions
attributions and judgement are determined by personal motives
50 of 85
Matching phenomenon
the tendency for individuals to choose as partners people who are similar match to themselves in terms of their physical attractiveness
51 of 85
a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group
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Minimal group
ingroups and outgroups form on trivial, highly context-specific features
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uniformities of behaviour and attitudes that determine, organise and differentiate groups from other groups
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Normative influence
desire to be liked
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Need to affiliate
motive to seek and maintain relationships with others
56 of 85
following without internalising associated beliefs
57 of 85
Optimization principle
try to align our desired level of contact with our actual level of contact with others
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A social group to which you do not belong
59 of 85
parents are less demanding and more responsive
60 of 85
Proximity effect
being or living close to others can facilitate attraction and relationship formation
61 of 85
Physical attractiveness stereotype
the tendency for people to assume that attractive people possess other socially desirable traits in addition to their looks
62 of 85
more ‘face-like’ and therefore more familiar
63 of 85
negative, affective prejudgement about a group and its individual members
64 of 85
expectations shared by group members about how particular people in the group as supposed to behave
65 of 85
people are encouraged to strike out at a society they are led to believe is wrong/immoral
66 of 85
Referent information influence
people conform to group norm because they are group members
67 of 85
deliberately reacting against influence attempt
68 of 85
Reciprocal altruism
animals act altruistically towards members of the same species that have already helped them
69 of 85
Social psychology
scientific methods to understand and explain how thought, feeling and behaviour of individuals is influenced by actual, imagined or implied presence of others.
70 of 85
the complete set of beliefs that people have about themselves, which form understanding of who they are
71 of 85
is the psychological state of being aware of one’s characteristics, feelings and behaviours
72 of 85
peoples objective appraisal of themselves intrinsically positive or negative
73 of 85
Socialisation outcomes
Feelings of members and group as a whole about how they functioned to reach group objective
74 of 85
Social creativity
strategies that group members engage in to maintain esteem of the group
75 of 85
a group divides into subgroups
76 of 85
Social facilitation
the process by which the presence of others can facilitate beh
77 of 85
Social inhibition
process by which the presence of others can hinder beh
78 of 85
Social loafing
accountability within a group
79 of 85
Social identity model
result of increased group not loss of individual factors
80 of 85
Social influence
the effect that others have on our thoughts, feelings and behaviour
81 of 85
restoring positive self-views when faced with cognitive dissonance
82 of 85
Self-serving attribution bias
people to attribution events to cause that serve the self
83 of 85
simplified but widely shared belief about a characteristic of a group and its members
84 of 85
Theory of planned behavioir
people make a decision to behave in a particular way as a result of a sequence of rational thought processes
85 of 85

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parents are both demanding and responsive

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Card 4


Autokinetic effect


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Card 5


Authoritarian personality


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