psychological approaches for agression

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  • Created by: athinaP
  • Created on: 20-04-16 11:28
what are the social psychological approaches for aggression?
1) social learning theory 2) deindividuation
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who is associated with the social learning theory?
bandura
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what are the 4 stages involved in the social learning theory?
1) attention 2) retention 3) reproduction 4) motivation
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what is vicarious reinforcement?
behaviour is likely to be imitated if there is seen to be a reward for doing it
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what is self efficacy
A child will need to have a level of self confidence to imitate the behaviour
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Outline bandura and water's study
children divided into 3 groups. watched a film ending of adult being aggressive to bobo doll. 1) adult rewarded. 2)adult punished. 3) no consequenses
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what were the findings of the study?
children in group 1 showed ^ levels of aggression while playing. group 2 showed low levels of aggression. group 3 were in between the 2
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what does this show?
children to learn by observing other people, will imitate behaviour if they see role models being reinforced for their behaviour (rewarded)
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outline Charlton's study
Bandura's studies only looked at short term impacts of watching role model's aggression. Children in st. Helena observed before+after the intro of TV to see if exposure to aggression ^ aggression
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what were the findings of the study?
There was no ^ in aggression in these children
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what does this show?
this study is a problem for SLT as it shows observation of role models doesn't lead to aggressive behaviour in real world settings
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what IDA points can be used?
practical applications: (Patterson et al study)
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outline patterson et al's study
studied children identified as showing problem aggression. Analysed families + found parents modelled this behaviour through executing physical punishment + giving into tantrums.
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what happened when parents were trained to model non aggressive behaviour?
when parents used positive reinforcement + appropriate forms of punishment children's aggression levels decreased
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what does this show?
children learn aggressive behaviour by imitating others. Also, shows teaching parents to treat children non aggressively will make children less likely to be aggressive
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what other IDA points could be used?
Cultural issues, Nature vs nurture.
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outline the nature vs nurture debate for this theory
psychological explanation, ignores the nature side of the debate (biology) Evidence that genetics can lead to aggressive behaviour eg testosterone. + genetic predispositions.
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who is associated with the social learning theory?

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bandura

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what are the 4 stages involved in the social learning theory?

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Card 4

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what is vicarious reinforcement?

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Card 5

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what is self efficacy

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