PS2002 Cognition

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1. Which statement does not characterise generative retrieval?

  • Using it to access autobiographical memories is more effortful than direct retrieval
  • Involuntary, spontaneous, triggered by a specific cue
  • Involves combining the information contained within the working self with the information in the autobiographical knowledge base
  • Deliberate and voluntary construction of autobiographical memories based on an individual's current goals
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2. Symptoms of Broca's aphasia include

  • Fluent, apparently grammatical speech that often lacks meaning
  • Difficulties with speech comprehension, slow non-fluent speech
  • Poor ability to produce syntactically correct sentences, slow non-fluent speech
  • Damage to the superior temporal gyrus

3. Which of the statements does not describe the difference between the autobiographical and episodic memory?

  • Autobiographical memory often deals with complex memories selected from a huge collection of personal experiences; episodic memory is much more limited in its scope
  • Autobiographical memory often relates to trivial events, whereas episodic memory often related to events of personal significance
  • Some aspects of autobiographical memory involve semantic memory (general knowledge) rather than episodic memory
  • Autobiographical memory relatied to events of personal significance, whereas episodic memory often relates to trivial events
  • Autobiographical memory extends back over years or decades, episodic memory often extends back only for minutes or hours

4. The ability to recall detailed information about almost every day of one's life over a long time period is known as

  • anteretrograde amnesia
  • reminiscence bump
  • hyperthymestic syndrome
  • Korsakoff's syndrome

5. Which does not describe the visual spatial sketchpad

  • Linked to visual semantics
  • Used for the manipulation of visual patterns and movement
  • Plays an important tole in use/understanding of language
  • Specialised for spatial and visual processing and temporary storage

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