PE Flashcards

Define Health
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
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Define Ill-Health
Being in a state of poor physical, mental and/or social well-being.
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Define Fitness
The ability to meet the demands of the enviroment.
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What Is Well-Being?
Physical, mental and social well-being is the dynamic process that gives people a sense of being comfortable healthy and happy.
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How Does Fitness and Health Interlink?
Decreased fitness because of ill-health and/or increase in fitness despite ill-health.
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What Is Agility?
The ability to move and change direction quickly at speed whilst maintaining control.
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What Is Balance?
The maintainance of the centre of mass over the base of support.
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What Is Cardiovascular Endurance?
The ability of the heart and lungs to supply oxygen to the working muscles.
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What Is Co-Ordination?
The ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently.
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What Is Flexibility?
The range of movement possible at a joint. It helps to stretch and reach further.
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What Is Muscular Endurance?
Ability of a muscle or group of muscles to udergo repeated contractions avoiding fatigue.
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What Is Power?
The product of strength or speed.
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What Is Reaction Time?
The time taken to initiate a response to a stimulus.
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What Is Speed?
The maximum rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time, S=D/T
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What Is Strength?
The ability to overcome a resistance.
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Why Isn't All the Components Needed For Each Sport?
Each sport is unique and only have certain requirements that only link to some components.
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Reasons For Fitness Training?
Monitor improvements; identify strengths and weaknesses; motivate you to set goals; informing your training requirements; compare to the norms and starting level of fitness.
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Limitations Of Fitness Training?
Not sport specific; movements aren't replicated; competetive situation not replicated; sub-maximal; validity; motivation needed and reliability.
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Key Principles Of Training
SPORT- Specificity, Progressive Overload, Reversibility, Tedium.
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Key Principles Of Overload
FITT- Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type.
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How Can The Principles Of Training Be Applied?
They can be applied to not only improce your training but improve your fitness as well.
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How Do You Calculate Maximum Heart Rate?
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How Do you Calculate Aerobic Training Zone?
60%-80% of Maximum Heart Rate
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How Do You Calculate Anaerobic Training Zone?
80%-90% of Maximum Heart Rate
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How Do You Improve Muscular Strength?
Do 4 to 8 reps, with 3 sets; using weights that are above 70% of your maximum weight.
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How Do You Improve Muscular Endurance?
Do 12 to 15 reps, 3 sets; using weights that are below 70% of your maximum weught.
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True or False: The Training Type/Intensity Should Match The Training Purpose?
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What Can You Do To Prevent Injury?
A warm up; over training should be avoided; appropiate clothing and footwear; taping if necessary; lots of water; proper stretching; correct technique and appropiate rests.
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What Height Does High Altitude Training Have To Be Completed At?
2,000m above sea level (2km)
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How Many Days Does It Last Afterwards?
15 Days
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What Hormone Does Altitude Training Trigger?
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What Is EPO?
A hormone that releases more red blood cells.
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Who Benefits From Altitude Training?
Endurance athletes and athletes that work anaerobically.
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Limitations Of Altitude Training
Can be difficult to complete; fitness can be lost; can suffer from altitude sickness and benefits are lost quickly.
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What Is The Pre-Seaon?
General aerobic fitness, specific fitness needs, being ready for competetive season.
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What Is The Competition Season?
Maintain fitness levels, work on specific skills.
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What Is The Post-Season?
rest and light aerobic training to maintain a level of general fitness.
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What Should A Warm Up Include?
Gradual pulse raiser; stretching; skill based practices (drills); mental preperation and increased amount of oxygen to working muscles.
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Wha Should A Cool Down Include?
Maintain elevated breathing and heart rate; gradual reduction of intensity and stretching.
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What Are The Benefits Of Warming Up?
Effect on body temperature; range of movement increased; gradual increase of effort to full pace; psychological preperation; practice of movement and injury prevention.
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What Are The Benefits Of cooling Down?
Allowing the body to recover; removal of lactic acid and prevent muscle soreness.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define Ill-Health


Being in a state of poor physical, mental and/or social well-being.

Card 3


Define Fitness


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What Is Well-Being?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


How Does Fitness and Health Interlink?


Preview of the front of card 5
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