Nutrients

What are the 5 main groups of nutrients?
• Vitamins • Minerals • Fat • Carbohydrates (sugars and starches) • Protein
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What two other non-nutrients are also needed by the body?
• Water • Non-starch polysaccharides (dietary fibre)
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What is the function of Carbohydrates?
Give the body energy
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What are sources of Carbohydrates?
Sugar, honey, jam Potatoes, pasta, rice
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What is the function of Vitamin A?
Helps the eyes to see in dim light Healthy skin and tissue
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What are the sources of Vitamin A?
Liver, eggs, butter, soft spreads, yellow and orange vegetables
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What is the function of Vitamin B?
Transfer and release of energy Helps formation of red blood cells
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What are the sources of Vitamin B?
Cereals, meat, fish, dairy products, yeast products, pulses, eggs
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What is the function of Vitamin C?
Healthy skin Absorption of iron Helps the body to heal faster and helps resist infection
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What are the sources of Vitamin C?
Fruit and Vegetables
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What is the function of Vitamin D?
Growth and maintenance of strong bones Absorption of calcium
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What are the sources of Vitamin D?
Eggs, oily fish Made in the body when skin is exposed to sunlight
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What is the function of Protein?
Growth and repair of the body Secondary source of energy
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What are the sources of Protein?
Meat, fish, milk, eggs, lentils, cheese, wheat, soya, nuts, peas and beans
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What is the function of Iron?
Formation of red blood cells which carry oxygen around the body
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What are the sources of Iron?
Dark green vegetables, chocolate, meat, eggs, wholegrain cereals and dried fruit
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What is the function of Fat?
Gives the body energy For protection and insulation of the body
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What are the sources of Fat?
Cheese, butter, meat, oily fish
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What is the function of Calcium?
Keeps bones and teeth strong For healthy muscles and nerves
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What are the sources of Calcium?
White bread, dairy foods, green leafy vegetables, canned fish
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What is the function of Water?
For all body actions Removes waste products
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What are the sources of water?
Drinking water, fruits, milk
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What two other non-nutrients are also needed by the body?

Back

• Water • Non-starch polysaccharides (dietary fibre)

Card 3

Front

What is the function of Carbohydrates?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are sources of Carbohydrates?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the function of Vitamin A?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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