Musculo-skeletal Injuries

Give the different types of fracture:
Stable/Unstable, Closed/ Open, Simple, Compound, Incomplete, Comminuted
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Give the types of musculo-skeletal injuries:
Fracture, Dislocation, Sprain, Strain
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What is a Fracture?
A break/ crack in a bone
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What is a Sprain
A tear in a ligament connecting a bone to a joint
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What is a Strain?
Over stretching of muscle/tendons
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What is Dislocation?
Where the bone is out of joint or socket
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What is meant by a stable injury?
The broken bone ends do not move/jammed together. Common at the wrist, shoulder, ankle and hip
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What is meant by an open injury?
One of the broken bone ends may pierce the skin surface
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What is meant by a closed fracture?
One where the skin is kept intact
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What is meant by a simple fracture?
Uncomplicated one in which the bones don't pierce the skin
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What is meant by a compound fracture?
A fracture in which a bone is sticking through the skin
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What is meant by an incomplete/ greenstick fracture?
Where one side of the fracture is broken and the other is bent
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What is a comminuted fracture?
One where the bone is splintered or crushed
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What are the signs and symptoms?
Deformity of limb, swelling, bruising, pain, wound
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How do you manage a fracture?
Control bleeding, support limb, immobilise, bandage limbs/splint, nothing to eat/drink
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What is the CSM assessment?
Colour, Sensation, Movement to see if the fracture is affecting circulation
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How do you treat a sprain or strain?
Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate (RICE)
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Give the three types of bandages:
Roller, Tubular, Triangular
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Principles of bandaging:
Reassure, explain, firm, keep casualty comfortable, keep extremities uncovered
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Types of wounds:
Laceration, Incision, Abrasion, Contusion, Puncture, Stab, Gunshot, Avulsion
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Types of bleeding:
Arterial- Bright red and spurting, Venous- Dark red and gushing, Capillary- Brisk and little bleeding
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Aims with severe bleeding:
Control bleeding, prevent shock, minimise infection, hospital
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What to do with severe bleeding:
Wear gloves, expose wound, apply direct pressure, elevate and support wound, keep casualty warm, secure with bandage, 999
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Give the types of musculo-skeletal injuries:


Fracture, Dislocation, Sprain, Strain

Card 3


What is a Fracture?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is a Sprain


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is a Strain?


Preview of the front of card 5
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