Module 4: respiration

HideShow resource information
Energy
is the ability to do work
1 of 17
ATP
is a phosphorylated nucleotide and is the universal energy currency
2 of 17
Anabolic
reactions are biochemical reactions where large molecules are sythesised from smaller ones
3 of 17
Catabolic
reactions larger molecules are hydrolysed to produce smaller molecules
4 of 17
Oxidation
reactions involve loss of electrons
5 of 17
Reduction
reactions involve addiction of electrons
6 of 17
Glycolyisis
is a metabolic pathway where each glucose molecule is broken down to two molecules of pyruvate. It occurs in the cytoplasm of all living cells and is common to anaerobic and aerobic respiration
7 of 17
Hexose
ssugars have six carbon atoms in each molecule
8 of 17
Hydrolysis
is the breaking down of large molecules to smaller molecules by the addition of water
9 of 17
Triose
suhars have three carbon atoms in each molecule
10 of 17
Mitochondria
are organnelles foundin eukaryote cells. They are the site of the link reaction, Krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation- the aerobic stages of respiration
11 of 17
Link reaction
converts pyruvate to acetate. NAD is reduced
12 of 17
Krebs cycle
oxidises acetate to carbom dioxide. NAD and FAD are reduced. ATP is made by substrate-level phosphoylation
13 of 17
Oxidative phosphorylation
is the formation of ATP by adding a phosphate group to ADP, in the presence of oxyge, which is the final electron acceptor
14 of 17
Anaerobic respiration
is the release of energy from substrates, such as glucose in the absence of oxygen
15 of 17
Respiratory substrate
is an organic substrate that can be used for respiration.
16 of 17
Mole
is the gram molecular mass of a substance. 180g glucose is one moleof glucose (mol for short)
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

ATP

Back

is a phosphorylated nucleotide and is the universal energy currency

Card 3

Front

Anabolic

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Catabolic

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Oxidation

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Biological molecules, organic chemistry and biochemistry resources »