memory ; msm

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KEY TERMS
DSIN
1 of 75
what three stores are in the msm?
sensory register / stm / ltm
2 of 75
what does it describe?
how info is transferred from one to another / remembered / forgotten
3 of 75
what is the sensory register?
mem stores for each of our five senses e.g ision / hearing
4 of 75
THE MULTI-STORE MODEL
DIND
5 of 75
who developed it?
atkinson + shiffrin
6 of 75
what does it describe?
how information flows through memory system
7 of 75
how many stores?
three
8 of 75
linked by?
processing
9 of 75
stimuli from the environment are processed immediately by?
sensory register
10 of 75
which subdivides into which three general sections?
iconic / echoic / other
11 of 75
sensory register then goes to?
stm
12 of 75
where one of which three things willhappen?
forgotten / response / prolonged rehearsal
13 of 75
prolonged rehearsal can also be called?
maintenance loop
14 of 75
if happens for long enouch info will pass to?
LTM
15 of 75
where it can be remembered again to stm by?
retrieval
16 of 75
sensory register
dfngdfingidfn
17 of 75
how many stores does it have?
one for each sense
18 of 75
what are the two main stores
iconic / echoic (visual coding / acoustic coding)
19 of 75
what is the duration?
less than half a second
20 of 75
what is the capacity?
v high bc in all the senses innit
21 of 75
what information from the sensory register passes further into memory system?
that which you've payed attention to
22 of 75
short-term memory
dfifngdin
23 of 75
what is the capacity?
7 + / - 2 intems
24 of 75
what type of coding?
acoustic
25 of 75
and duration?
around 30 seconds
26 of 75
unless?
rehearsed
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what is maintenance rehearsal?
repeating material to ourselves over and over
28 of 75
what can we do as long as we rehearse?
keep info in stm
29 of 75
if rehearsed long enough, it passes to?
LTM
30 of 75
long term memory
dingding
31 of 75
what is the capacity?
unlimited
32 of 75
and the duration?
possibly lifetime
33 of 75
what tupe of coding?
semantic
34 of 75
though material is stored here where must it go to be recalled?
stm
35 of 75
through which process?
retrieval
36 of 75
are any memories directly recalled from ltm?
no!
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EVALUATION
SDIOGNDING
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:) supporting evidence
sdgindg
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research studies show that which two things are qualitatively different?
ltm / stm
40 of 75
e.g baddeley's study tells us what about coding?
it's suggested stm acoustic where ltm semantic
41 of 75
so they are different, supporting which msm view?
two memory stores are separate and independent
42 of 75
:( more than one type of stm
doigndfigndfn
43 of 75
what does the msm state about the stm store?
unitary singular store
44 of 75
however evidence of what clinical condition suggests this untrue?
amnesia
45 of 75
especially which two-initial patient?
KF
46 of 75
what did they find when read aloud to him?
stm for digits poor
47 of 75
but when was recall better?
when read to huumself
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and further studies show there could be another stm store for what type of sounds?
non-verbal
49 of 75
so unitary stm is limitation as there's enough research to suggest at least how many short term processes?
two
50 of 75
which are?
one for processing visual info / auditory info
51 of 75
what includes these separate stores the msm doesnt?
wmm
52 of 75
:( more than one type of rehearsal
igndgding
53 of 75
according to the msm what matters most in rehearsal?
amount that you do
54 of 75
so the more you rehearse it?
the more likely to transfer it to ltm
55 of 75
but it has been suggested what is it that really matters about rehearsal?
type
56 of 75
how many types of rehearsal have been discovered?
two
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what is the type described in the msm?
maintenance rehearsal
58 of 75
but what does this just do?
maintain information in the stm
59 of 75
not?
transfer to ltm
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what type of rehearsal is needed for long term storage?
elaborative rehearsal
61 of 75
when does this occur?
when link info to existing knowledge / think about what it means
62 of 75
why is this a serious limitation of msm?
cannot explain this rsrch finding
63 of 75
EVALUATION EXTRA
DFINGDFIGN
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:( artificial materials
dignd
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:( more than one type of ltm
dfogdign
66 of 75
how many types is there evidence to suggest for?
two
67 of 75
which are?
one for facts of word and one for memories of how
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HM CASE STUDY
DIGNIDFNG
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why did he undergo brain surgery?
epilepsy
70 of 75
but what did they remove from bith sides of his brain?
hippocampus
71 of 75
when memory assessed in 1955 what yr did he think?
1953
72 of 75
did his ltm improve with practice?
no
73 of 75
could he remember that day?
no
74 of 75
but he still performed well on what kind of tests
stm immediate memory tests
75 of 75

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what three stores are in the msm?

Back

sensory register / stm / ltm

Card 3

Front

what does it describe?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is the sensory register?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

THE MULTI-STORE MODEL

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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