Memory key terms

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  • Created by: yit43
  • Created on: 30-04-16 19:31
Encoding
The format in which information is stored in the various memory stores
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Capacity
The amount of information that can be held in a memory story
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Duration
The length of time information can be held in memory
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Episodic memory
A memory store for personal events; these memories have to be consciously recalled
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Semantic memory
This includes facts and our knowledge of what words and concepts mean; these memories have to be consciously reaclled
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Procedural memory
This includes our information and memories of learned skills
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Central executive
It co-ordinates the activities of the 3 subsystems in memory; it has a very limited capacity
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Phonological loop
It deals with auditory information and is subdivided into the phonological store and the articulary process
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Phonological store
It stores the words you hear
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Articulatory loop
It allows maintenance rehearsal
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Visuo-spatial sketchpad
It processes visual and spatial information in the inner eye
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Episodic buffere
It brings together material from the other subsystems into a single memory. it also provides a bridge between working memory and long-term memory
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Interference
Forgetting because one memory blocks another, causing one or both memories to be forgotten or distorted
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Proactive interference
When older memories disrupt the recall of newer memories
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Retroactive interference
When new memories disrupt the recall of older memories already stored
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Retrieval failure
It occurs when we don't have the necessary cues to access memory
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Cue
A trigger of information that allows us to access a memory
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The amount of information that can be held in a memory story

Back

Capacity

Card 3

Front

The length of time information can be held in memory

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A memory store for personal events; these memories have to be consciously recalled

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

This includes facts and our knowledge of what words and concepts mean; these memories have to be consciously reaclled

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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