Media Studies Terminologies

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Action Codes
Short hand for advancing the narrative quickly
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Apparently Impossible Positions
The camera often gives the audience a view of the narrative from an unusual position
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Audio Codes
All sounds: dialogue, credit music
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Cliffhanger
When a scene is left not revealing a key piece of information that creates tension
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Closed Narrative
All the starnds of an episode are pulled together eg; Midsommer Murders
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Conventions
The common features of a programme
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Construction
The structure of an episode, the way a media text is put together
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Diegetic Sounds
A sound that is naturally part of the scene being viewed and can be seen
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Enigma
The amount of inforation given to the audience is controlled
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Eqilibrium
The state of affairs that exsists at the beginning of a narrative which then disrupted later on as the story unfolds
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Flagship Programme
A channel that relies on a television show for high ratings
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Flashbacks
Showing the history of a character or scene
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Flexi-Narrative
Challenges the audience and keeps them watching
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Genre
The type of media text, for example television crime drama. the genre is recognised by it's conventions which are established over time
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Iconography
The objects, clothing or people that are particularly relevent to the genre
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Linear Narrative
When the story is told chronologically from start to end
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Mediate
The way in which a media text is constructed in order to contain a message
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Mise-en-scene
The overall look of something
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Narrative
The typical plot and layout of events of a TV programme
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Non-diegetic sound
A sound that is not naturally part of a scene that the characters can't hear
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Non-linear/cirular narrative
When a narrative is less straight forward and moves backwards and forwards
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Open Narrative
When all the strands of a narrative are not neatly tied together at the end; some elemnts are left unsolved
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Prime Time
The time when most people watch television and when the most popular shows are scheduled eg: 7:30-9:00pm
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Privileged Spectator Positions
The camera places the audience in a superior position within the narrative, the audience is shown as part of the action
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Ratings
Published weekly, and indicates how many people watched a programme
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Series
Narrative split into lots of episodes
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Spli-screen narrative
Screen splits into 3 or 4 sections, each with a different narrative
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Sub-genre
A genre within a genre
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Technical Codes
The way something is filmed, camera shots, music
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Three strand narrative
Three narratives that eventually come together
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Two Parters
When a narrative is split into two
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Uses and gratifictions theory
Theory to suggest what an audience uses active media text, eg; excitement
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Voice-over
A voice that talks over the narrative
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Post Watershed
After 9pm
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The camera often gives the audience a view of the narrative from an unusual position

Back

Apparently Impossible Positions

Card 3

Front

All sounds: dialogue, credit music

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When a scene is left not revealing a key piece of information that creates tension

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

All the starnds of an episode are pulled together eg; Midsommer Murders

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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