Revision Guide

Summary of the course with easy to read explanations.

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  • Created by: molly_23
  • Created on: 22-01-15 17:37
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Media Studies
Exam Date: Wed 11th June
9am ­ 11.15 (2 Hours)
3, 6, 9 rule ­ use a decent amount of media terminology to make sure that I get the grade.
This will determine whether I get above a `C' grade or above.
Camera Shots
Wide shot/very long shots: Used to understand the setting of
a scene.
Long shot: Figures are shown from head to toe. This will help
an audience to identify the details of a figure.
Mid shot/medium shot: An audience can easily identify the
figure and they are more recognisable. Shot from a waist
above angle.
Medium close up: Closer to the figure than the previous
shot. Shot from a chest and above angle.
Close up: Focus on the details of the figure. An audience can
recognise facial expressions and smallest details. Shot from
shoulder up.
Big close up: Face shot only. The shot shows the emotion and facial expressions of a character.
Extreme close up: A large proportion of the face. This is normally captured the face from the
mouth to the eyebrow.
Camera Angles
Low angle shot: Taken below the subject.
High angle shot: Taken above the subject.
Two shot: Has two people in.
Over-the-shoulder shot: The audience is
looking over a person's shoulder.
P.O.V shot: A view of what a character is
looking at.

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Dutch angle: Slanted angle shot. This creates a feeling of ease or disturbance.
Bird's eye shot: Looking vertically down onto a subject.
Uses and Gratifications Theory
Developed in the 20th century.
Recognised in the media.
Idea that people use the media to get specific gratifications.
1: Escape - An escape of reality. Relating to something that is not real like animation and
2: Social Interaction ­ Create person relationship with the characters in the media texts.…read more

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Subgenre ­ Overall genre of the television crime drama there are a group of programmes that
share similar conventions, for example detective-led dramas.
Hybrid Drama ­ some programmes share conventions of multiples of genres.
Prime time ­ When most people watch TV and when most popular programmes are scheduled.
This is between 7pm and 9.30pm.
Watershed ­ After 9pm programmes are aired which are not suitable for a children's audience.
The audience are exposed to more violence, explicit language and scenes of a sexual nature.…read more

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Audience become familiar with the main characters in crime dramas as they have been
established over time. They may be a private detective, a lawyer or a forensic officer. For
example: the characters in Silent Witness.
Audience become familiar with the main characters in crime dramas as they have been
established over time. They anticipate the way in which they will behave.
Setting and iconography
This is often established from the start and becomes more recognisable to audiences.…read more

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Used established stars that have become household names to help marketing the
They are usually long ­ sometimes 2 hours.
A channel often makes spin-offs of dramas that have been successful and know that they
will attract the audience. For example Lewis and Endeavour which were inspired by
Crime dramas are exportable. British crime dramas are popular within America; they are
keen to buy them. Scandinavian crime dramas are popular in UK.
It is a popular genre that guarantees audiences.…read more

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Flashbacks: Used to give the audience additional information. They may be used to show
characters pasts.
Flexi-narrative: A complex narrative structure with layers interweaving narratives. The
technique challenges the audience and keeps them watching.
Iconography: The objects, settings and clothing related to a particular genre. For example,
in a crime drama and audience may expect to see a scene of crime tape, the inside of a
police station and police uniforms.
Linear narrative: Where the story is told chronologically from beginning to end.…read more

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Periodical Publishers Association: An industry body which promotes the interest of the
consumer magazine sector.
Big Chip Company: An often global company who are well respected and whose business
interests are successful over a significant period of time.
Above The Fold: The top half of a website.
Imperative Command: Where audiences are instructed to do something
Single Source Lighting: Where one source of light illuminates a small, defined area.
Buddy Cop Template: Two police officers or investigators common in crime drama e.g.…read more

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Active Audiences: Associated with the Uses and Gratifications model, active audiences
engage with the text, understand it and are not affected by it.
Passive Audiences: Audiences who are affected by a media text.
Myth: Something that is reinforced and circulated by the media to have the naturalness of
Juxtaposition: Something that is placed next to something else to create a third reading.
Saturated Primary Colours: Rich, bright colours like yellows, orange, reds and blues.…read more


Bhoomi Amin

This stuff is for last year....

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