medc/ledc volcano

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ledc volcanic eruption
Montserrat
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where?
situated within the northern part of the Lesser Antilles
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what is it?
an island arc formed where the Atlantic plate subducts beneath the caribean plate
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what is montserrat built from?
almost entirely from volcanic rock
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when did chances peak begin erupting?
1995
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what happened in april 1996?
the entire population was forced to leave the capital city of Plymouth
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what happened in early 1997
continued dome growth with small eruptions and ballistic projectiles
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what happened on 25th june
chances peak volcano catastrophically erupted as the dome of the volcano collapsed
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how many cubic metres if hot rock/gas did this send?
5 million cubic metres down the side of Soufriere Hills
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where did most of this flow?
down the northern flank which engulfed the capital city of Plymouth and destroyed industry and agri
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how much of the island was considered safe?
40km2, plymouth buried in 10m of ash and mud
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how many killed
19 due to fires associated with pyroclastic flows
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how much of infrastructure destroyed
3/4
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how many evacuated to antigua
more than half pop
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what did UK do to help?
set up MVO, exclsuions zones, resettlement to safer north, temp shelters, sea/air access
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what did NGOs do
red cross set up temp schools and medical support
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how much UK spend
100 million
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Mr Nyiragongo, Congo, eruption?
January 2002
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where
Virunga Mountains in the Democratic Republic of Congo
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crater
crater is 250m deep, 2km wide and often contains a lava lake
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responsible for approx Africa’s recorded volcanic eruptions
responsible for approx 40% of Africa’s recorded volcanic eruptions
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eruption
fissure 13km long on the southern flank of the volcano, spewing lava up to 2m deep, which flowed in the direction of Goma and Lake Kivu
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Effects
Destroyed at least 1/3 of Goma, a town with over 20,000
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Effects
lava covered the northern third of the runway at Goma airport.
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Death toll
Death toll reached 147
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Card 2

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where?

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situated within the northern part of the Lesser Antilles

Card 3

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what is it?

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Card 4

Front

what is montserrat built from?

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Card 5

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when did chances peak begin erupting?

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