MECHANISMS

  • Created by: Massu786
  • Created on: 16-12-17 11:52
halogenoalkane to alcohol
nucleophilic substitution with hydroxide ions, aqueous solutio, heat under reflux
1 of 25
ethene to alcohol
hydration,300 degrees, 70atm, steam strong acid catalyst
2 of 25
secondary alcohol to ketone
oxidation using potassium dichromate and dilute sulphuric acid
3 of 25
alkane to halogenoalkane
free radical substitution with UV light
4 of 25
alkene to a dihalogenoalkane
electrophillic addition with halogen e.g bromine br2
5 of 25
halogenoalkane to amine
nucleophilic substitution with ammonia dissolved in ethanol, heat under pressure (if primary amine use excess ammonia)
6 of 25
alcohol to alkene
dehydration/elimination with acid catalyst like H2SO4 , heat under reflux
7 of 25
primary alcohol to carboxylic acid
oxidation with excess dichromate
8 of 25
alkene to halogenoalkane
HBr or HCl electrophilic addition
9 of 25
halogenoalkane to alkene
elimination with sodium hydroxide dissolved in ethanol
10 of 25
halogenoalkane to nitrile
nucleophilic substitution with cyanide ions dissolved in ethanol, heat under reflux
11 of 25
alcohol to aldehyde
oxidation using limited potassium dichromate and dilute H2SO4
12 of 25
alkene to alcohol
electrophillic addition using conc H2SO4 , and hydrolysis using water
13 of 25
alcohol to carboxylic acid
excess of potassium dichromate and dilute H2SO4 and heat under reflux
14 of 25
Ketone/aldehyde to a hydroxynitrile
nucleophilic addition cyanide ions dissolved in dilute H2SO4
15 of 25
acyl chloride to amide
nucleophillic addition elimination with ammonia
16 of 25
aldehyde to primary alcohol
nucleophilic addition NaBH4 dissolve in alcohol
17 of 25
ketone to secondary alcohol
nucleophilic addition NaBH4 dissolve in alcohol
18 of 25
halogenoalkane to quarternary ammonia salt
nucleophillic substitituiton using excess halogeneoalkane
19 of 25
acyl chloride to ester
nucleophillic addition elimination using alcohol
20 of 25
acyl chloride to carboxylic acid
nucleophillic addition elimination with water
21 of 25
acyl chloride to a N substituted amide
nucleophillic addition elimination with amine
22 of 25
benzene to nitrobenzene
electrophillic substitution with electrophile NO2+ and conc nitric and sulfuric acid
23 of 25
benzene to phenyl ketone
electrophillic substitution acyl chloride and aluminium chloride, heat under reflux
24 of 25
nitrile to amine
4H lilh4 ni h2 catalyst
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

ethene to alcohol

Back

hydration,300 degrees, 70atm, steam strong acid catalyst

Card 3

Front

secondary alcohol to ketone

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

alkane to halogenoalkane

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

alkene to a dihalogenoalkane

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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