Benzene Reactions

  • Created by: hjkk
  • Created on: 10-05-19 12:58

Formation

CONDITIONS:

CATALYSTS:

Aluminium oxide

Platinum

773K 20atm

REACTION:

1 of 9

Nitration

CONDITIONS:

Nitric Acid and conc. sulphuric acid

323K

REACTION:

 

2 of 9

Nitration of Methyl Benzene

CONDITIONS:

Nitric Acid and conc. Sulphuric Acid

303K (to prevent multiple substitutions)

REACTION:

OR

3 of 9

Acylation

CONDITIONS

CATALYSTS:

Ethanoyl Chloride, CH3COCl

Aluminium Chloride

REATION:

4 of 9

Acylation Mechanism

The electrophilic substitution mechanism

Stage one

Stage two

5 of 9

Alkylation

CATALYSTS:

Aluminium Chloride

Chloroalkane

REACTION:

6 of 9

Alkylation Mechanism

The electrophilic substitution mechanism

Stage one

Stage two

7 of 9

Halogenation

The electrophilic substitution mechanism

Stage one

Stage two

8 of 9

Sulphonation

The electrophilic substitution mechanism

Stage one

Stage two

9 of 9

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