Legislation and Regulations in Product Design

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What are Intellectual Property Rights?
This is the protection of ideas. There are four types of Intellectual Property Rights.
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What does copyright protect against?
Protects against literacy, dramatic, musical and artistic works.
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How long does copyright last?
For 70 years or until the death of the author.
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Can the rights be passed on? How?
It can be bought, sold, hired and licensed.
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What does trade mark protect?
Protects any sign which can be represented graphically. It covers words, personal names, designs, letters and the shape of goods and their packaging.
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Give a few examples of trade marks.
The colour orange is associated with the phone company Orange. McDonald's 'M' is copyrighted. The Toblerone packaging shape is copyrighted too.
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How long does a trade mark last?
10 years. Needs to be renewed every 10 years indefinitely.
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What is a patent?
The monopoly rights of an invention e.g. iPod selection wheel.
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Can the rights be passed on? How?
It can be bought, sold, hired or licensed.
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How long does a patent last?
Maximum of 20 years if annual fees are paid.
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What is a design right?
A form of protection about the shape or configuration of articles e.g. a curved nail file. The desing must not be commonplace.
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Is it a monopoly right?
No, but it is a right to prevent copying.
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How long does a design right last?
10 years.
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Can the rights be passed on? How?
It can be bought, sold, hired or licensed.
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What does the Trade Description Act do?
It makes it a criminal offence to falsely describe goods or services, or to offer to sell any goods that have a false description.
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What is the kitemark and what does it mean?
A UK product and service quality certification mark which is owned by the BSI. Used to identify products/services that are safe to use.
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What does the BEAB (British Electrotechnical Approvals Board) do?
Tests electrically powered consumer products. E.g. irons and sewing machines.
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What is the CE mark?
The CE marking is the manufacturer's declaration that the product meets the requirements of the applicable EC directives (a.k.a. it is approved for sale within the EU or EEA).
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What are the British Standards?
Technical documents laying down national standards for industrial and consumer products.
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What does a BS number indicate?
That the manufacturer claims the goods comply with the relevant British standards. They may carry the kitemark and a safety mark too, for example.
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EXTRA: What does the E mark mean?
That the manufacturers comply with economic commission for Europe.
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EXTRA: What does the TSA stand for?
Textiles Service Association Ltd.
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EXTRA: What is GINATEX?
The international textile care labelling association.
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EXTRA: What is the HLCC?
A voluntary organisation. The Home Laundered Consultative Council.
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EXTRA: What is QUALITAS?
New organisation representing furniture and floor covering industries.
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What isincluded in the Toys Safety Regulations 1989?
Must satisfy essential safety requirements, carry the CE mark, and where appropriate be accompanied be vertain warnings and precautions.
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EXTRA: What is the BTHA? What is the mark associated with this association?
British Toy and Hobby Association. The lion mark.
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How does the Consumer Protection Act 1987 protect the public?
Prohibits manufacture/supply of unsafe goods, makes manufacturer/seller of a defective product responsible for any damge caused, allows local councils to seize unsafe goods/suspend the sale of unsafe goods, prohibits misleading price indications.
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What did the Trade Descriptions Act 1968 make it an offence for a trader to do?
Apply a false trade description to any goods, supply/offer to supply any goods to which a false trade description has been applied, make certain kinds of false statement about the provision of any services/facilities/accommodation.
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EXTRA: Name the seven main consumer acts.
Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982, Sale of Goods Act 1979, Supply of Goods Act 1973, Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977, Trades Decription Act 1968 and 1972, Consumer Guarantees Bill 1990, Unsolicited Goods and Services Act 1971.
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Card 2

Front

What does copyright protect against?

Back

Protects against literacy, dramatic, musical and artistic works.

Card 3

Front

How long does copyright last?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Can the rights be passed on? How?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does trade mark protect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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