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PROD3 REVISION!
DT product design
Energy Labeling directive, 1996- all electrical appliances as
Sustainability and Environmental refrigerators (white goods) are labeled with a rating from A to
Concerns! G to indicate their energy use for consumers to refer to when
The Three Rs !
Reduce- reduce the amount of materials and energy used in
!
making a purchase. !
End-of-life Directive, 2003- encourages the reuse and
manufacturing a product and the amount of energy the
recycling of waste from vehicles when their reach their end of
product will consume in its life!
life. It restricts the use of toxic metal in new cars and requires
Recycle- ensure products can be recycled;this means that
materials are able to be separated. cleaned and used again in
a new product. !
!
manufacturers to labels plastic parts to aid recycling. !
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive,
Reuse- ensure that materials and components that have
2006- encourages manufacturers to develop electrical and
already been used, can be used again in a new product, e.g.
electronic products that can be dismantled and the parts
reusable cartridges in printers and copiers, filters in coffee
reused and recycled, including instruccios for consumers not
!
machines and vacuum cleaners,etc. !
Global warming- a layer of greenhouse gases in the upper
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to discard, but take them to WEEE collection points. !
Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoSH),
atmosphere traps heat from the sun and prevents it reflecting
2006- EU directive bans the use of some hazardous materials
back into the outer atmosphere and beyond. This is said to be
and chemicals, such as lead, mercury and cadmium in
raising the temperature of our atmosphere and may be
leading to climate change. !
Greenhouse gases- gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2)
!
electrical and electronic equipment. !
Green design- focuses on one/two areas to conserve
produced as a result of burning fossil fuels. These have been
materials through using recoiled materials in the manufacture
!
linked to global warming. !
Bio Degradable Packaging Plastics!
!
of a product or by conserving energy use of product. !
Ecodesign- reduce the impact of a product over its entire life
However, plastic bags made from Polylactide (PLA) take only
cycle, using: !
five years to decompose. Polylactide is referred to as a
Selection of low impact materials!
!
`bioplastic' because of its environmentally friendly nature.!
Bio Degradable Plastics From Corn Starch
Reduction in materials usage (both in manufact and
packaging) !
Reduction of impact during use and optimisation of initial
(Polylactide)! lifetime !
Corn starch is a renewable material, as it is produced from Optimisation of end-of-life systems (for recycling and recovery
plants and NOT from oil. It is biodegradable / compostable,
!
decomposing over a short period of time.! !
of materials and components)!
Sustainable design- more than ecodesign, goes into socio-
Sustainable Forest! economic benefits, such as improved welfare and safety for
A sustainable material is a material that can be renewed, such
as natural wood - trees can be grown to replace ones cut !
products making the product, fair trade schemes. !
!
down and processed into products.!
The Forest Stewardship Council!
Sustainable Innovation-Sustainable Systems
A sustainable system goes beyond sustainable design, and is
a radical approach to seeing the whole community working on
FSC The Forest Stewardship Council promotes the the same issue. It might look on the whole cities, creating new
responsible management of forests - sustainable forestry. ! systems that will collaborate in reducing energy use, and
being more ecological. It means that not only one person or
The logo guarantees that paper and card has been purchased
household will live in a house that is sustainable and
!
from responsible forest operations (sustainable forestry). !
Ecolabels- manufacturers are encouraged to label their
ecological, but the whole community will be doing the same
thing, creating a system of eco-living. This is an approach that
I think would be the most appropriate in trying to solve the
products with the sing, showing that they have a reduced problem I have- and a design for this idea on the next page
!
impact on the environment over their product life cycle. !
Packaging directive- sets targets for the reduction of
shows the solution.!
A "green" or "sustainable" home is not only resource-
efficient and earth-friendly but also durable and healthy.
packaging waste by means of designing out waste in the initial That doesn't have to mean costly or cumbersome. To be
package design, recoiling and re-using; limits thte amount of truly sustainable in the real world, homes also must be
!
toxic mtals used in packaging. ! practical and convenient -- so they can be widely adopted
in the marketplace. The goal is to integrate and balance
the following criteria:!
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Energy efficiency- tailored for a warm, humid climate to Environmental Factors Automotive Designers
reduce utility bills, conserve energy resources and reduce Consider When Designing The Life Cycle Of A Car!
pollution from burning fossil fuels to generate electricity! The entire life cycle of the car must be considered by
Water efficiency- to stem the rising costs of treating drinking automotive designers, as it is demanded by customers and by
water and wastewater as well as reduce depletion of our legal constraints imposed by governments and…read more

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Light bulbs!
!
· Long lifetime: Average lifetime as much as 80,000 hours equivalent to 10 to 15 times
of lifetime of CFL lamp.
· Maintenance-free in the long run.
· High lighting efficiency: more than 65~90 lm/w, equivalent to 8 or 9 pcs of
incandescent lamp in the same wattage.
· High color rendering index: 80, high resolution & clear and clean color.
· Quick start: Instant start even at hot lamp or low ambient temperature.
· High power factor: more than 0.…read more

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Ergonomics, anthropometrics and and average height of users). The hair dryer is now
inclusive design! ergonomically designed.!
! !
50th Percentile- the average or most common
Ergonomics!
The study of the interaction between the human body,
products and environments. !
!
anthropometric measurements from a sample. !
95th percentile - the upper limiting anthropometric
Products- conduct trials with users to check the usability of a measurement.…read more

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The iPod touch is an excellent example of advanced As population is living to older age, this market becomes
technology making a product easier to use. Electronic devices more and more popular. In US and Japan there are now
previously needed a number of buttons and dials, in order to whole shopping malls and supermarkets devoted to
make adjustments.!
Advanced technology has made making adjustments and !
elderly. !
!
altering settings, very simple.…read more

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Health and Safety Executive (HSE)- a government advisory
Health and Safety! service that helps companies meet health and safety
The two safety institution that we adhere to as designers in obligations under the Health and Safety at Work Act. The HSE
Europe are publishes safety posters, books and copies of specieic Health
the European community (Directives) and the British and Safety regulations. Local HSE officers visit employees to
Standards institute.…read more

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Safety Legislation And The User ! that meet these standards would be labelled with the `CE'
The designer and manufacturer of a product have a moral mark and the BSI Kite mark. If toys are sold in stores in the
obligation to make sure that a customer / consumer not EU which do not carry these marks, the Trading Standards
injured by a product when used.…read more

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Designers produce working drawings so that prototypes can
Drawing Techniques Used By be manufactured, and then tested; this leads to improvements
Designers! being made to the product!
Designers and architects use a range of drawing techniques, Working drawings are usually produced using CAD software,
to sketch and draw design ideas. A designer must master a
variety of drawing techniques in order to be successful in their !
or sometimes hand drawings can be done!
Modelling !
competitive world.…read more

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D/3D Sketching !
Thumbnail sketches- rough sketches of a design idea; !
!
designers may add critical, evaluative comments or just notes
!
of their thoughts as they design. ! !
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Rendering ! !
!
The use of line, tone, often colour, to make 2- or 3-D drawings
look realistic.…read more

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Environmental and ethical sides of products- what labelling
The marketing mix!
Decisions made within the company to consider what will
affect the design and what will influence the success of the
!
and indications it carries to identify its special properties!
Pleasure!
!
final product. ! Added value- the product must do whatever it does good and
Product!
For a product to be successful, it must attract buyers.…read more

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