Learning Table Three: Observation

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What 4 types of observation are there?
Covert, Overt, Participant, Non-Participant.
1 of 13
What are the general theroetical advantages of unstructured participant observation?
Pps studied in there natural environment, produces in depth qualitative data, it allows for flexibility, rapport and trust built up, verteshen.
2 of 13
What are the general theoretical/practical disadvantages of untructured participant observation?
Lacks reliability, the results are unscientific, can be difficult to gain entry, hard to be accepted, risk of going native, can be expensive and time consuming.
3 of 13
What are the specific theoretical/practical advantages of covert PO?
Eliminates the Hawthorne effect, can be the only method suitable when studying certain groups.
4 of 13
What are the specific theoretical/practical/ethical advantages of overt PO?
Researcher doesn't have to worry about the consequences of being discovered, researcher can avoid taking part in the groups activities, no deception, able to take notes openly.
5 of 13
What are the specific theoretical/practical/ethical, disdvantages of covert PO?
Researchers are unable to make open notes, requires a lot of skill, it is impractical when researching certain groups, no informed consent, may have to take part in immoral or illegal activities.
6 of 13
What are the specific theoretical/practical/ethical disadvantages of overt PO?
The Hawthorne effect may occur,some groups may not give consent to be studied, its important to maintain the anonymity of the group being stududied.
7 of 13
What are the general theoretical/practical advantages of structured non-participant observation?
Allows the data to be quantified, standardised categories increase reliability, less time consuming and cheaper than unstructured observation.
8 of 13
What are the general theoretical disadvantages of structured non-participant observation?
Researcher predefines the results so lowers validity, no rapport is built up.
9 of 13
What is covert observation?
Undercover
10 of 13
What is overt observation?
Open
11 of 13
What is participant?
The researcher joins in with the group's activities.
12 of 13
What is non-participant?
The researcher doesn't join in with the group's activities.
13 of 13

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Card 2

Front

What are the general theroetical advantages of unstructured participant observation?

Back

Pps studied in there natural environment, produces in depth qualitative data, it allows for flexibility, rapport and trust built up, verteshen.

Card 3

Front

What are the general theoretical/practical disadvantages of untructured participant observation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the specific theoretical/practical advantages of covert PO?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the specific theoretical/practical/ethical advantages of overt PO?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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