Learning Disabilities

What is a mild learning disability?
An impairment of cognitive, adaptive and social skills
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What is a moderate learning disability?
Defined as a low IQ of 35-51 as well as a physical or neurological abnormality
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What is a severe learning disability?
Physical or mental impairment that effects factors such as mobility
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What is a profound learning disability?
Having more than one disability, significantly a learning disability. IQ being under 20
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When would a child usually be diagnosed with a LD?
At school
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What is the process that educators use to diagnose LDs?
Response to Intervention (RTI)
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What does RTI help to identify?
Learning disabilities and it uses specialised testing to do this
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What does RTI involve?
Monitoring progress to identify LD, providing help on different levels to the individual, increase educational assistance if no progress is made
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What is a school psychologist?
Trained in education+psychology, identify+diagnose LD, help with disability, parents+teachers, make a plan to improve the child's learning
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What is a SLP ( Speech Language Pathologist)?
Trained in diagnosing+treating speech+language related disorders, provide a complete language evaluation, assess the child's ability to organise his/her thoughts+possessions, evaluate age appropriate learning related skills e.g. directions
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What is a SLP ( Speech Language Pathologist) 2?
and manipulating sounds
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What are the common signs and symptoms of a LD?
Problems pronouncing words, trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, colours, shapes, days of the week, unable to blend sounds to make words, slow to learn new skills, misspelling words, difficulty with maths+reading, poor handwriting
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What is Autism? Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC)
A lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others
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How do Autistic people differ from other individuals?
They see, heart and feel the world differently to other people
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Can Autism be cured?
No, it is not an illness or a disease
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What type of condition is Autism?
A spectrum condition, they share certain difficulties but each individual has a different severity
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How is Autism diagnosed?
Usually by a multi-disciplinary diagnostic team, often including a speech+language therapist, paediatrician, psychiatrist+ a psychologist
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What are the symptoms of Autism?
have persistent difficulties with social communication and social interaction and restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviours, activities or interests since early childhood, to the extent that these "limit and impair everyday functioning".
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What is Dyslexia?
A common LD, which can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling
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What are the signs of Dyslexia?
Read or write slowly, confuse the order of letters in words, understand information given verbally but struggle to write it down, bad with organisation, find it hard to follow directions
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What are the diagnostic tools for Dyslexia?
Carried out by a qualified specialist teacher (APC), carried out by a chartered psychologist if an individual has left education, assessment covers literacy, numeracy, memory+processing skills
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What is Dyspraxia?
a developmental disorder of the brain in childhood causing difficulty in activities requiring coordination and movement.
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What are the common signs + symptoms of Dyspraxia?
Difficulty concentrating, difficulty following instructions, difficulty making friends, behaviour problems, slow to finish tasks, balance+coordination affects ability to hold objects, slow to learn new skills
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What is an APC?
Assessment practising certificate
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What are the diagnostic tools for Dyspraxia?
By a multidisciplinary team; a paediatrician, an OT, a paediatric neurologist, a physiotherapist and speech and language therapist
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What is ADHD? (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
It is a medical condition. A person with ADHD has differences in brain development and brain activity that affect attention, the ability to sit still, and self-control.
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What are the common signs and symptoms for ADHD?
Trouble staying focused, appears not to listen when being spoken to, trouble staying organised, fidgety, mood swings, excessive talking
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What are the diagnostic tools for ADHD?
Noticed by parents/teachers, a child behaviour checklist (CBCL/6-18), the assessment is done with a rating scale based on questions about the child's behaviour, diagnosis by specialist doctors+psychologists
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What is Asperger's syndrome?
It's a type of Autism, it's a developmental disorder characterised by significant difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviour and interests.
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How is Asperger's syndrome diagnosed?
usually by a multi-disciplinary diagnostic team, often including a speech+language therapist, paediatrician, psychiatrist +/or psychologist. often diagnosed later in children than autism+sometimes difficulties may not be recognised+diagnosed
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How is Asperger's syndrome diagnosed 2?
until later adulthood
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Is there a cure for Asperger's syndrome?
There is no 'cure' for Asperger syndrome. However, there is a range of strategies and approaches which people may find to be helpful.
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How would a teaching assistant provide care and support for people with dyslexia?
Teaching the child to learn to recognise+use the smallest sounds that make up words+understanding that letters+strings of letters that represent these words, tutoring sessions with a reading specialist will help to support the child
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What technology can be provided to help a dyslexic child?
Using a computer rather than an exercise book, which may have speech recognition software, making the font bigger, tinted glasses can help a child that gets muddled up to help them read
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a moderate learning disability?

Back

Defined as a low IQ of 35-51 as well as a physical or neurological abnormality

Card 3

Front

What is a severe learning disability?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a profound learning disability?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When would a child usually be diagnosed with a LD?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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