1 of 43
shop, though not every house had this
2 of 43
pool for collecting water
3 of 43
hole in ceiling
4 of 43
Bedroom. Finely decorated with wall paintings. Simply furnished. Often slaves slept outside door or on the floor should the master need anything.
5 of 43
Study. Nicely decorated to receive people. Patrons waiting to receive clients.
6 of 43
Colonnaded garden. Covered with walkway around the outside with columns. Garden with fountains, statues, plants, shrubs. Benches, no grass. Murals and wall paintings around the edges. Maybe a pond. Bird bath.
7 of 43
Dining room. Couches: lay down to eat and ate with hands. Fed by slaves. Dinner parties.
8 of 43
9 of 43
toilet. Only for the wealthy
10 of 43
shrine to household Gods
11 of 43
entrance hall. Compluvium above impluvium. Wall paintings. Small shrine to Gods. Can see through to garden. Sparsely furnished, but there would have been a table/chest. Mosaics. Clients waiting for meeting.
12 of 43
Advantages of being in the Roman army
Learn new skills. Good pay. Uniform provided. Food provided. Barracks - somewhere to sleep. Land following retirement.
13 of 43
Disadvantages of being in the Roman army
Risk of death. Training - hard. Harsh discipline. Could be moved at any time to any part of the empire. Remaining unmarried. 25 years of strenuous work.
14 of 43
How many people could the Circus Maximus hold?
15 of 43
Why did the Romans like chariot racing?
Gambling. Sense of competition, fierce rivalry. Adrenaline, high speed. Incredibly entertaining. Very social, good day out. Women (think Ovid)
16 of 43
What personal details do we learn from a persons grave?
names (own and spouse’s, often indicating whether free or not), tribe, marriage, children, age at death, cause of death, existence and style of tombstone indication of wealth
17 of 43
What statistics do we learn from a persons grave?
age/life expectancy, length of military service, length of marriage, number of times offices held
18 of 43
What about leisure/entertainment do we learn from a grave?
references to baths, gladiators, circus, theatre etc.
19 of 43
What do we learn about Roman attitudes from graves?
relations between men & women, slaves & masters, patrons & clients, husbands & wives, reactions to early deaths of children/spouse, pride in achievements
20 of 43
What do we learn from Roman graves?
Personal details. Statistics. Attitudes. Religion. Occupations. Leisure/entertainment
21 of 43
Food production involving outside work involving crops, animals, olives, fruit, vegetables etc to ensure farm is productive (source B). Non-stop - indoor work on wet days (repairing, work in barns and in villa (source B). Accounts (source B).
22 of 43
Have to be controlled in case they run away, steal or stir up trouble, so need for shackles (source D). Food reduced as punishment or if sick as doing less work (source B). Old, sick slaves sold off (Cato).
23 of 43
Foremen: RELATIONSHIP WITH MASTER
Might be relationship of trust or of fear and dread at his arrival if he is absent, or constant intervention if he is on site. Possibility of exploitation: greed/wanting the farm to be profitable (source B). Might be relationship of mutual respect
24 of 43
Foremen: GOOD POINTS
More responsibility, use of skills, less punishment and better living conditions. Rewards: money (peculium), female slave as partner (other sources such as Columella, Pliny). Hope of freedom.
25 of 43
No time off, no opportunity for pleasures of city (source B) or relieved to be away from what is apparently an immoral and dangerous place. May be exploited by master.
26 of 43
Things the patron did for the client
Offer advice/protection. Give business contracts. Invite him to dinner. Financial support. Offer jobs for reward.
27 of 43
Things the client did for the patron
Salutation. Accompany him to forum. Political support. Witness documents. Call him Lord. Attend dinner with him.
28 of 43
Why were ampitheatres so good?
Large building, could hold big crowds. Tiered seating - good view. Safe - many entrances and exits. High walls stopped gladiators running away.
29 of 43
30 of 43
How many could the Colosseum seat?
31 of 43
a novice gladiator
32 of 43
fully trained gladiators
33 of 43
Could be the names of mythological heroes or ones that described their appearance or performance
34 of 43
35 of 43
a fist fighter or boxer who wore the bestus
36 of 43
used a sword in each hand
37 of 43
Reasons to go to the Roman baths
Hygiene. Socialise. Conduct business. Exercise ground.
38 of 43
Legal rights of Roman women
Couldn't vote, hold public office of any kind of serve in the military. Could inherit property in her own name, get a divorce, own and sell her own property and make a will.
39 of 43
Used to wipe off sweat
40 of 43
room with heated walls and floors. heated by a hypocaust system
41 of 43
hot room, near to furnace. Bather would sit in a hot oblong bath with other bathers
42 of 43
Had a plunge pool filled with cold water
43 of 43
Other cards in this set
shop, though not every house had this